Clavukoellians G-K, New Nardosinane and Aristolane Sesquiterpenoids with Angiogenesis Promoting Activity from the Marine Soft Coral Lemnalia sp.
ABSTRACT: The chemical examination of the marine soft coral Lemnalia sp., collected at the Xisha islands in the South China Sea, resulted in the isolation of four new nardosinane-type sesquiterpenoids, namely clavukoellians G-J (1-4), and one new aristolane sesquiterpene, namely clavukoellian K (5), together with five known compounds, 6-10. The structure elucidation of the isolated natural products was based on various spectroscopic techniques including HRESIMS and NMR, while their absolute configurations were resolved on the basis of comparisons of the ECD spectra with the calculated ECD data. The isolated new compounds 1-5 were evaluated for their anti- and pro- angiogenesis activities in a transgenic fluorescent zebrafish (Tg(vegfr2:GFP)) model. Quantitative analysis revealed that compound 5 displayed pro-angiogenesis activity in a PTK787-induced vascular injury zebrafish model at 2.5 ?M. Data showed that compound 5 significantly promoted the angiogenesis in a dose-dependent manner.
Project description:Chemical investigation of secondary metabolites from the marine-derived fungus <i>Aspergillus austroafricanus</i> Y32-2 resulted in the isolation of two new prenylated indole alkaloid homodimers, di-6-hydroxydeoxybrevianamide E (<b>1</b>) and dinotoamide J (<b>2</b>), one new pteridine alkaloid asperpteridinate A (<b>3</b>), with eleven known compounds (<b>4</b>-<b>14</b>). Their structures were elucidated by various spectroscopic methods including HRESIMS and NMR, while their absolute configurations were determined by ECD calculations. Each compound was evaluated for pro-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory effects in zebrafish models and cytotoxicity for HepG2 human liver carcinoma cells. As a result, compounds <b>2</b>, <b>4</b>, <b>5</b>, <b>7</b>, <b>10</b> exhibited pro-angiogenic activity in a PTK787-induced vascular injury zebrafish model in a dose-dependent manner, compounds <b>7</b>, <b>8</b>, <b>10</b>, <b>11</b> displayed anti-inflammatory activity in a CuSO<sub>4</sub>-induced zebrafish inflammation model, and compound <b>6</b> showed significant cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells with an IC<sub>50</sub> value of 30 µg/mL.
Project description:Two new diphenyl ethers (1 and 2) and four new phenolic bisabolane sesquiterpenoids (3?6), together with five known related derivatives, were isolated from the culture of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus flavus QQSG-3 obtained from a fresh branch of Kandelia obobata, which was collected from Huizhou city in the province of Guangdong, China. The structures of compounds 1?6 were determined by analyzing NMR and HRESIMS data. The absolute configurations of 5 and 6 were assigned by comparing their experimental ECD spectra with those reported for similar compounds in the literature. All isolates were evaluated for their ?-glucosidase inhibitory activity, of which compounds 3, 5, 10, and 11 showed strong inhibitory effects with IC50 values in the range of 1.5?4.5 ?M.
Project description:Three new sesquiterpenoids (1-3) and one new sesquiterpenoid derivative (4), along with three known sesquiterpenoids (5-7), were isolated from the 95% ethanolic extract of Chinese eaglewood [Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Gilg]. The structures of these compounds were elucidated through extensive analysis of spectroscopic data including IR, NMR, HRESIMS, and X-ray diffraction experiments. In addition, the above new compounds were detected for their bioactivities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 cells. Among them, compound 2 exhibited obvious anti-inflammatory activity with an IC50 value of 8.1 ?M.
Project description:Secondary metabolites obtained from marine-derived fungi are rich sources of drug candidates. Three new sesquiterpenoids, chermesiterpenoids A-C (1-3), along with four known alkaloids (4-7), were isolated and identified from the marine red algal-derived fungus Penicillium chermesinum EN-480. The structures of these new sesquiterpenoids were elucidated using detailed analysis of the NMR data and their relative configurations were elucidated using nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) spectra as well as gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) NMR shift calculations and DP4+ probability analysis. Their absolute configurations were determined using electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and modified Mosher's method. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited potent activities against human and aquatic pathogenic bacteria and plant pathogenic fungi.
Project description:Six new caryophyllene-based sesquiterpenoids named punctaporonins H-M (1-6), together with punctaporonin B (7) and humulane (8) were isolated from the fermentation broth of the sponge-derived fungus Hansfordia sinuosae. Their structures were determined by the extensive HRESIMS and NMR spectroscopic analysis, including the X-ray crystallographic data for the assignment of the absolute configurations of punctaporonins H-I (1-2). The isolated compounds were evaluated for antihyperlipidemic, cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities, and punctaporonin K (4) exhibited potent effects to reduce the triglycerides and total cholesterol in the intracellular levels.
Project description:Arthrinins E-G (1-3), three new sesquiterpenoids possessing non-isoprenoid botryane skeleton, were isolated from the fermentation of an endophytic fungus named Arthrinium sp. HS66 which colonized in the stems of Isodon xerophilus. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods. Furthermore, the structure of 1 was unambiguously confirmed by X-ray diffraction, while those of 2 and 3 were verified through quantum chemical calculation of NMR data and ECD spectra.
Project description:The data included in this paper are associated with the research article entitled "Sesquiterpenoids from the cultured mycelia of <i>Ganoderma capense</i>" . <sup>1</sup>H NMR, <sup>13</sup>C NMR, DEPT, HSQC, <sup>1</sup>H-<sup>1</sup>H COSY, HMBC, NOESY, HRESIMS, and IR spectra of Ganodermanol A-H (<b>1</b>-<b>11</b>), together with Mo<sub>2</sub>(AcO)<sub>4</sub>-induced CD spectrum of Ganodermanol A, CD spectra of Ganodermanol D-E were included in the Data in Brief article. In addition, the cytotoxicities and anti-HIV-1 activity of isolated compounds were also included in the Data in Brief article.
Project description:Six sesquiterpenoids 1-6, including two new ones, an ent-daucane-type sesquiterpenoid, asperaculane A (1), and a nordaucane one, asperaculane B (2), and four known nordaucane derivatives, aculenes A-D 3-6, together with the known secalonic acid D (7), were isolated from a fermentation culture of the fungus Aspergillus aculeatus. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by analyses of their spectroscopic data, including 1D and 2D-NMR spectra, HR-ESIMS, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, and quantum chemical calculations. These metabolites were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxic activity against two cell lines, human cancer cell lines (HeLa) and one normal hamster cell line (CHO).
Project description:Four new sesquiterpenoids (1-4) and six known sesquiterpenoids (5-10), were isolated from the EtOAc phase of the ethanolic extract of Ainsliaea yunnanensis. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods, including 1-D, 2-D NMR and HPLC-MS. All compounds were tested for their anti-inflammatory effect by the inhibition of the activity of NLRP3 inflammasome by blocking the self-slicing of pro-caspase-1, which is induced by nigericin, then the secretion of mature IL-1β, mediated by caspase-1, was suppressed. Unfortunately none of the compounds showed an anti-inflammatory effect.
Project description:A detailed chemical investigation of the South China Sea soft corals Clavularia viridis and Lemnalia flava yielded four new halogenated laurane-type sesquiterpenoids, namely, isobromolaurenisol (1), clalaurenol A (2), ent-laurenisol (3), clalaurenol B (4), and the new aromadendrane-type sesquiterpenoid claaromadendrene (6), together with three known sesquiterpenoids (5, 7, and 8). Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with the previously reported analogues. In a bioassay, compounds 1, 2 and 4 exhibited interesting inhibitory activities in vitro against PTP1B and NF-?B.