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Coordination of mRNA and tRNA methylations by TRMT10A.


ABSTRACT: The posttranscriptional modification of messenger RNA (mRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA) provides an additional layer of regulatory complexity during gene expression. Here, we show that a tRNA methyltransferase, TRMT10A, interacts with an mRNA demethylase FTO (ALKBH9), both in vitro and inside cells. TRMT10A installs N 1-methylguanosine (m1G) in tRNA, and FTO performs demethylation on N 6-methyladenosine (m6A) and N 6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m6Am) in mRNA. We show that TRMT10A ablation not only leads to decreased m1G in tRNA but also significantly increases m6A levels in mRNA. Cross-linking and immunoprecipitation, followed by high-throughput sequencing results show that TRMT10A shares a significant overlap of associated mRNAs with FTO, and these mRNAs have accelerated decay rates potentially through the regulation by a specific m6A reader, YTHDF2. Furthermore, transcripts with increased m6A upon TRMT10A ablation contain an overrepresentation of m1G9-containing tRNAs codons read by tRNAGln(TTG), tRNAArg(CCG), and tRNAThr(CGT) These findings collectively reveal the presence of coordinated mRNA and tRNA methylations and demonstrate a mechanism for regulating gene expression through the interactions between mRNA and tRNA modifying enzymes.

SUBMITTER: Ontiveros RJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7149399 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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