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Immune Phenotype and Functionality of Mtb-Specific T-Cells in HIV/TB Co-Infected Patients on Antiretroviral Treatment.

ABSTRACT: The performance of host blood-based biomarkers for tuberculosis (TB) in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been fully assessed. We evaluated the immune phenotype and functionality of antigen-specific T-cell responses in HIV positive (+) participants with TB (n = 12) compared to HIV negative (-) participants with either TB (n = 9) or latent TB infection (LTBI) (n = 9). We show that the cytokine profile of Mtb-specific CD4+ T-cells in participants with TB, regardless of HIV status, was predominantly single IFN-? or dual IFN-?/ TNF?. Whilst ESAT-6/CFP-10 responding T-cells were predominantly of an effector memory (CD27-CD45RA-CCR7-) profile, HIV-specific T-cells were mainly of a central (CD27+CD45RA-CCR7+) and transitional memory (CD27+CD45RA+/-CCR7-) phenotype on both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells. Using receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, co-expression of CD38 and HLA-DR on ESAT-6/CFP-10 responding total cytokine-producing CD4+ T-cells had a high sensitivity for discriminating HIV+TB (100%, 95% CI 70-100) and HIV-TB (100%, 95% CI 70-100) from latent TB with high specificity (100%, 95% CI 68-100 for HIV-TB) at a cut-off value of 5% and 13%, respectively. TB treatment reduced the proportion of Mtb-specific total cytokine+CD38+HLA-DR+ CD4+ T-cells only in HIV-TB (p = 0.001). Our results suggest that co-expression of CD38 and HLA-DR on Mtb-specific CD4+ T-cells could serve as a TB diagnosis tool regardless of HIV status.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7157681 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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