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Genetic forms and pathophysiology of essential arterial hypertension in minor indigenous peoples of Russia.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:To study the genetic forms and pathophysiology of arterial hypertension by evaluating plasma renin activity in the Shors, minor indigenous peoples inhabiting the south of Western Siberia. METHODS:A single-stage study of indigenous (the Shors) and non-indigenous peoples living in the villages of Gornaya Shoria of the Kemerovo region in the south of Western Siberia was conducted in the period from 2013 to 2017. One thousand four hundred nine adults (901 Shors and 508 non-indigenous inhabitants) were recruited in the study using a continuous sampling plan. Arterial blood pressure was measured according to 2018 ESC/ESH guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. All the respondents underwent clinical and instrumental examination. Plasma renin activity was determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay with the BRG kits (Germany). Polymorphisms of ACE (I/D, rs 4340), ?GT (c.803?T?>?C, rs699), AGTR1 (?1166?, rs5186), ADRB1 (?.145A?>?G, Ser49Gly, rs1801252) and ADRA2B (I/D, rs 28,365,031) genes were tested using polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS:Renin-dependent hypertensive patients prevailed in both ethnic groups (65.6% in the indigenous group vs. 89.8% in the non-indigenous group, p?=?0.001). Prevalence of a volume-dependent AH was low in both groups (34.4% in the indigenous group vs. 10.2% in the non-indigenous group, ??=?0.001). The D/D and ?/? genotypes of the ??? [OR?=?6.97; 95% CI (1.07-55.58)] and AGT [OR?=?3.53; 95% CI (1.02-12.91)] genes were associated with the renin-dependent AH in the Shors. The C/C genotype of AGTR1 gene was found to predispose to the volume-dependent AH [OR?=?5.25; 95% CI (1.03-27.89)]. The C/C genotype of AGTR1 gene was associated with moderate or high renin levels suggesting essential AH in the non-indigenous group [OR?=?5.00; 95% CI (1.21-22.30), ??=?0.029]. CONCLUSION:An in-depth understanding of AH pathophysiology and its genetic forms ensures the optimal choice of blood pressure-lowering treatment and optimizes AH control.

SUBMITTER: Mulerova T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7158150 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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