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Monoamine oxidase B rs1799836 G allele polymorphism is a risk factor for early development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease.

ABSTRACT: Background:Dopamine replacement therapy is an established treatment for motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but its long-term use is often limited by the eventual development of motor complications, including levodopa-induced dyskinesia. Genetic background, particularly polymorphisms of dopamine metabolism genes, may affect the occurrence of dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease patients. Methods:We investigated polymorphisms of dopamine metabolism genes, including catechol-O-methyltransferase, monoamine oxidase B, dopamine beta-hydroxylasedopamine, dopamine receptors D1, D2, and D3, and dopamine transporter, in 110 patients with Parkinson's disease. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to detect associations between genotypes and levodopa-induced dyskinesia. Results:Monoamine oxidase B rs1799836 was the only polymorphism correlated with risk of dyskinesia. Patients with an AG or GG genotype were more likely to have dyskinesia than those with an AA genotype (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.28-9.10). Also, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that patients with an AG or GG genotype developed dyskinesia earlier than those with an AA genotype (log-rank test, p?=?.004). Conclusions:In Parkinson's disease patients, the monoamine oxidase B rs1799836 G allele is associated with a greater likelihood of developing dyskinesia than the A allele, possibly due to its association with lower monoamine oxidase B activity in the brain. Thus, detection of monoamine oxidase B polymorphisms may be useful for determining the optimal dosing of antiparkinson medications.

SUBMITTER: Kakinuma S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7183157 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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