LncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 promotes lung adenocarcinoma progression by interacting with UPF1 to destabilize ZFPM2.
ABSTRACT: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), a histological subclass of non-small-cell lung cancer, is globally the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as cancer regulators. Zinc finger protein multitype 2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) is an oncogene in gastric cancer, but its functions have not been investigated in LUAD. We showed that ZFPM2-AS1 expression is high in LUAD samples based on GEPIA database (http://gepia.cancer-pku.cn/) and validated ZFPM2-AS1 upregulation in LUAD cell lines. Functionally, ZFPM2-AS1 facilitated proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of LUAD cells. Thereafter, we found that ZFPM2 was negatively regulated by ZFPM2-AS1, and identified the suppressive effect of ZFPM2 regulation by ZFPM2-AS1 on LUAD progression. Mechanistically, we showed that ZFPM2-AS1 interacted with up-frameshift 1 (UPF1) to regulate mRNA decay of ZFPM2. Rescue assays in vitro and in vivo confirmed that ZFPM2-AS1 regulated LUAD progression and tumor growth through ZFPM2. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a role for the ZFPM2-AS1-UPF1-ZFPM2 axis in LUAD progression, suggesting ZFPM2-AS1 as a new potential target for LUAD treatment.
Project description:Purpose:Recent studies have determined that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are potential prognostic biomarkers for non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). The purpose of this study was to analyze the function and associated pathways of zinc finger protein multitype 2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) in NSCLC cells. Methods:We used qRT-PCR to analyze ZFPM2-AS1's transcription level. Its proliferation, migration, and invasion capacities were determined using MTT, colony forming, wound healing, and transwell assays. We additionally analyzed the correlation between ZFPM2 and immune infiltration using the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) database, and the protein expression levels using Western blots. Results:We found that ZFPM2-AS1 expression in NSCLC specimens and cell lines was elevated compared to the control group. ZFPM2-AS1 is an oncogene and independent prognostic predictor of poor survival in NSCLCs, and its expression had a positive correlation with tumor size and lymph node metastasis in our clinical data. MTT, colony forming, wound healing, and transwell assays showed a positive correlation between ZFPM2-AS1 expression and the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells in the presence and absence of interferon- (IFN-?). Using the TIMER database, we hypothesized that ZFPM2 was negatively correlated with ZFPM2-AS1 expression, as well as the immune infiltration levels in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Finally, we found that ZFPM2-AS1 negatively regulated ZFPM2 expression, and had a positive correlation with PD-L1 expression through the JAK-STAT and AKT pathways. Conclusion:Our study confirmed that ZFPM2-AS1 promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells via the JAK-STAT and AKT pathways. Further research on the ZFPM2-AS1 pathway regulation mechanism is needed.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated to be involved in the pathogenesis of many cancers. Herein we report on our discovery of a novel lncRNA, ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1), and its critical role in gastric carcinogenesis. ZFPM2-AS1 expression in gastric cancer specimens was analyzed using Gene Expression Omnibus data set and validated in 73 paired gastric tumor and normal adjacent gastric tissue specimens using qRT-PCR. The effect of ZFPM2-AS1 expression on proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer cells was assessed by altering its expression in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigation was carried out using cell and molecular biological approaches. ZFPM2-AS1 expression was higher in gastric tumors than in normal gastric tissue. Also, increased ZFPM2-AS1 expression in gastric cancer specimens was associated with tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, differentiation grade, and TNM stage. High ZFPM2-AS1 expression predicted markedly reduced overall and disease-free survival in gastric cancer patients. Functional experiments demonstrated that ZFPM2-AS1 expression promoted proliferation and suppressed apoptosis of gastric cancer cells in vitro and promoted tumor growth in vivo. This effect is associated with attenuated nuclear translocation of p53. Mechanistic experiments demonstrated that tumor-activated ZFPM2-AS1 could bind to and protect the degradation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a potent destabilizer of p53. Knockdown of MIF expression diminished ZFPM2-AS1's impact on p53 expression in gastric cancer cells. Our findings demonstrated that ZFPM2-AS1 regulates gastric cancer progression and revealed a novel ZFPM2-AS1/MIF/p53 signaling axis, shedding light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the tumorigenicity of certain malignant gastric cells.
Project description:Background:Newly identified lncRNA zinc finger protein, FOG family member 2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) is identified as an oncogenic gene. However, the role of ZFPM2-AS1 in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is poorly comprehended. Methods:The expression of genes in SCLC tissues and cells was measured by qRT-PCR. Colony formation, EdU, CCK-8, transwell and wound healing as well as in vivo assays revealed the function of ZFPM2-AS1 in SCLC. ChIP, luciferase reporter, RIP and RNA pull down assays demonstrated the binding relation among genes. Results:ZFPM2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in SCLC tissues and cells. ZFPM2-AS1 deficiency attenuated SCLC cell proliferation, invasion and migration. In addition, ZFPM2-AS1 was transcriptionally activated by Yin Yang 1 (YY1) factor. Further, miR-3612 was confirmed as downstream miRNA of ZFPM2-AS1. Moreover, TNF receptor associated factor 4 (TRAF4) was the target gene of miR-3612 in SCLC. ZFPM2-AS1, miR-3612 and TRAF4 jointly constituted a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network in SCLC. Finally, TRAF4 could countervail ZFPM2-AS1 downregulation-mediated function on SCLC cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion:Our study elucidated the oncogenic effect of ZFPM2-AS1 in SCLC progression, indicating it may be a therapeutic target for SCLC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Emerging evidence has shown that dysregulated expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is implicated in liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role and molecular mechanism of differentially expressed lncRNAs in HCC has not been fully explained. METHODS:The expression profiles of lncRNAs in HCC samples were derived from microarrays analysis or downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and their correlation with prognosis and clinical characteristics were further analyzed. Silencing of lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 was conducted to assess the effect of ZFPM2-AS1 in vitro. The miRcode and Target Scan databases were used to determine the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions. The biological functions were demonstrated by luciferase reporter assay, western blotting, PCR and rescue experiments. RESULTS:The expression level of lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 was significantly higher in HCC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues, and higher ZFPM2-AS1 was remarkably related to poor survival. Functionally, silencing of lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion and promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis based on the miRcode and TargetScan databases showed that lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 regulated GDF10 expression by competitively binding to miR-139. miR-139 and downregulated GDF10 reversed cell phenotypes caused by lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 by rescue analysis. CONCLUSIONS:ZFPM2-AS1, an upregulated lncRNA in HCC, was associated with malignant tumor phenotypes and worse patient survival. ZFPM2-AS1 regulated the progression of HCC by acting as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to competitively bind to miR-139 and regulate GDF10 expression. Our study provides new insight into the posttranscriptional regulation mechanism of lncRNA ZFPM2-AS1 and suggests that ZFPM2-AS1/miR-139/GDF10 may act as a potential therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker for HCC.
Project description:Emerging evidence has confirmed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are strongly involved in tumor initiation and development. LncRNA ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) has been identified as a tumor facilitator in some cancers; nevertheless, its functional significance and regulatory mechanism remain greatly unclear in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we detected ZFPM2-AS1 expression in ESCC cell lines using qRT-PCR. ZFPM2-AS1 knockdown models were established for investigating the biological function of ZFPM2-AS1 in ESCC cells. The association between miR-3612 and ZFPM2-AS1 or TRAF4 was assessed by RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assays. The present study indicated that ZFPM2-AS1 was significantly up-regulated in ESCC cells. Functional assays manifested that ZFPM2-AS1 knockdown restrained cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and facilitated cell apoptosis in ESCC. Mechanistically, ZFPM2-AS1 promoted ESCC cell growth and up-regulated TRAF4 to trigger NF-?B pathway by sequestering miR-3612. Besides, miR-3612 was confirmed to be a tumor inhibitor in ESCC. Through restoration experiments, we observed that TRAF4 overexpression could recover the suppressive effect of ZFPM2-AS1 on ESCC cell growth. Collectively, all the results suggested that ZFPM2-AS1 was an oncogene in ESCC cell growth by up-regulating TRAF4 and activating NF-?B pathway.
Project description:ZFPM2, encoding a zinc finger protein and abundantly expressed in the brain, uterus and smooth muscles, plays important roles in cardiac and gonadal development. Abnormal expression of ZFPM2 in ovarian tumors and neuroblastoma has been reported but hitherto its genetic association with cancer and effects on gliomas have not been studied. In the present study, the hexamer insertion-deletion polymorphism rs71305152, located within a large haplotype block spanning intron 1 to intron 3 of ZFPM2, was genotyped in Chinese cohorts of glioma (n = 350), non-glioma cancer (n = 354) and healthy control (n = 463) by direct sequencing and length polymorphism in gel electrophoresis, and ZFPM2 expression in glioma tissues (n = 69) of different grades was quantified by real-time RT-PCR. Moreover, potential natural selection pressure acting on the gene was investigated. Disease-association analysis showed that the overall genotype of rs71305152 was significantly associated with gliomas (P = 0.016), and the heterozygous genotype compared to the combined homozygous genotypes was less frequent in gliomas than in controls (P = 0.005) or non-glioma cancers (P = 0.020). ZFPM2 mRNA expression was negatively correlated with the grades of gliomas (P = 0.002), with higher expression levels in the low-grade gliomas. In the astrocytoma subtype, higher ZFPM2 expression was also correlated with the rs71305152 heterozygous genotype (P = 0.028). In addition, summary statistics tests gave highly positive values, demonstrating that the gene is under the influence of balancing selection. These findings suggest that ZFPM2 is a glioma susceptibility gene, its genotype and expression showing associations with incidence and severity, respectively. Moreover, the balancing selection acting on ZFPM2 may be related to the important roles it has to play in multiple organ development or associated disease etiology.
Project description:Accumulating evidence has indicated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in the processes of cancer occurrence, progression, and treatment. FAM83A-AS1 is a novel onco-lncRNA involved in various cancers. Nevertheless, the biological function and underlying mechanism of FAM83A-AS1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain largely unclear. In this study, we found FAM83A-AS1 to be upregulated in LUAD tissues and closely associated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage. In addition, high FAM83A-AS1 expression correlated positively with a poor prognosis. Functional investigation revealed that FAM83A-AS1 promotes LUAD cell proliferation, migration, invasion and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, FAM83A-AS1 functions as an endogenous sponge of miR-150-5p by directly targeting it, removing inhibition of MMP14, a target of miR-150-5p. Furthermore, rescue assays demonstrated that FAM83A-AS1 enhances cell migration, invasion and EMT by modulating the miR-150-5p/MMP14 pathway. Collectively, we conclude that the novel FAM83A-AS1/miR-150-5p/MMP14 axis regulates LUAD progression, suggesting an innovative therapeutic strategy for this cancer.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most prevalent histological subclass of non-small cell lung cancer. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recognized as the crucial regulatory factors in tumor development and progression. Nevertheless, limited research has been carried on the function of PRKCZ-AS1 in LUAD. In this study, the expression of PRKCZ-AS1 in LUAD tissues and cell lines was notably upregulated. Moreover, knockdown of PRKCZ-AS1 inhibited the proliferation and migration, but promoted apoptosis in LUAD cells. Furthermore, miR-766-5p could bind with PRKCZ-AS1. Besides, the expression miR-766-5p was negatively regulated by PRKCZ-AS1 expression in LUAD cells. Furtherly, PRKCZ-AS1 expression positively regulated the expression of MAPK1. Similarly, the expression of MAPK1 was negatively regulated by miR-766-5p expression. Moreover, the binding ability between miR-766-5p and MAPK1 was confirmed. Furthermore, knockdown of MAPK1 partly rescued the miR-766-5p inhibition-mediated promoting effect on proliferation and migration in LUAD cells transfected with PRKCZ-AS1#1. Overall, above results suggested that PRKCZ-AS1 promotes the occurrence of LUAD by sponging miR-766-5p to upregulate MAPK1 expression, which may provide new insights into LUAD treatment.
Project description:Background:Deubiquitinase OTU domain containing 4 (OTUD4) is initially identified as a K48-specific deubiquitinase and plays an important role in DNA damage repair signaling transduction. However, the expression level, prognostic role, biological function and mechanism of OTUD4 in multiple human cancers are unclear. Methods:GEPIA online (http://gepia.cancer-pku.cn/; The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database) was used to analyze the mRNA expression of OTUD4 in multiple human cancers. Kaplan-Meier plotter (KM plotter) database and TCGA database were used to evaluate the prognostic value of OTUD4 expression in multiple human cancers. MTT, Transwell and 3D culture assays were used to detect the role of OTUD4 in breast, liver and lung cancer cells. The correlation between OTUD4 and apoptosis signaling pathway and AKT signaling pathway was analyzed by Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results:OTUD4 mRNA expression is significantly downregulated in multiple human cancer tissues. Survival analysis establishes that the downregulation of OTUD4 predicts poor prognosis in many solid tumors, including breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA), esophageal carcinoma (ESCA), liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC), lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV). Furthermore, overexpression of OTUD4 could inhibit tumor cell proliferation, migration and invasion of breast, liver and lung cancer cells through inhibiting the AKT signaling pathway. Conclusion:This study found that OTUD4 may be a potential predictive factor for several human cancers and a tumor suppressor for breast, liver and lung cancer. The overexpression of OTUD4 restrained proliferation, migration and invasion of human breast, liver and lung cancer cells through promoting cancer cells apoptosis and inhibiting AKT signaling pathway. Notably, our results indicated that OTUD4 could be a useful biomarker for the prognosis of human cancers and a potential molecular target for diagnosis and treatment of breast, liver and lung cancer.
Project description:Whole transcriptome analyses of next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data from human cancer samples reveled thousands of uncharacterized non-coding RNAs including long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). Recent studies indicated that lncRNAs are emerging as crucial regulators in cancer processes and potentially useful as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. To delineate dysregulated lncRNAs in lung cancer, we analyzed RNA-Seq data from 461 lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD) and 156 normal lung tissues. FAM83H-AS1, one of the top dysregulated lncRNAs, was found to be overexpressed in tumors relative to normal lung and significantly associated with worse patient survival in LUAD. We verified this diagnostic/prognostic potential in an independent cohort of LUAD by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were decreased after FAM83H-AS1 knockdown using siRNAs in lung cancer cells. Flow cytometry analysis indicated the cell cycle was arrested at the G2 phase after FAM83H-AS1 knockdown. Mechanistically, we found that MET/EGFR signaling was regulated by FAM83H-AS1. Our study indicated that FAM83H-AS1 plays an important role in lung tumor progression and may be potentially used as diagnostic/prognostic marker. Further characterization of this lncRNA may provide a novel therapeutic target impacting MET/EGFR signaling.