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Staphylococcus aureus SaeR/S-Regulated Factors Decrease Monocyte-Derived Tumor Necrosis Factor-? to Reduce Neutrophil Bactericidal Activity.


ABSTRACT: Background:The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to evade killing by human neutrophils significantly contributes to disease progression. In this study, we characterize an influential role for the S. aureus SaeR/S 2-component gene regulatory system in suppressing monocyte production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?) to subsequently influence human neutrophil priming. Methods:Using flow cytometry and TNF-? specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays we identify the primary cellular source of TNF-? in human blood and in purified peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during interaction with USA300 and an isogenic saeR/S deletion mutant (USA300?saeR/S). Assays with conditioned media from USA300 and USA300?saeR/S exposed PBMCs were used to investigate priming on neutrophil bactericidal activity. Results:TNF-? production from monocytes was significantly reduced following challenge with USA300 compared to USA300?saeR/S. We observed that priming of neutrophils using conditioned medium from peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with USA300?saeR/S significantly increased neutrophil bactericidal activity against USA300 relative to unprimed neutrophils and neutrophils primed with USA300 conditioned medium. The increased neutrophil bactericidal activity was associated with enhanced reactive oxygen species production that was significantly influenced by elevated TNF-? concentrations. Conclusions:Our findings identify an immune evasion strategy used by S. aureus to impede neutrophil priming and subsequent bactericidal activity.

SUBMITTER: Sward EW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7191620 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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