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Quantifying and Engineering Mucus Adhesion of Probiotics.


ABSTRACT: Mucus in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the primary point-of-interaction between humans and their gut microbiota. This intimates that mucus not only ensures protection against endogenous and exogenous opportunists but also provisions for the human microbiota to reside and flourish. With the emergence of living therapeutics, engineered microbes can deliver and produce increasingly complex medicine, and controlling the mucoadhesive properties of different microbial chassis can dictate dose-response in a patient. Here we present a redesigned, in vitro, plate-based assay to measure the mucus adhesion of various probiotics. Cell-mucus interactions were isolated by immobilizing mucus to the plate surface. Binding parameters were derived for each probiotic strain by measuring cell adhesion over a wide range of cell concentrations, providing dose-dependent adhesion metrics. Surface proteins and cell components known to influence mucoadhesion were then heterologously expressed or altered in Lactococcus lactis MG1363 and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 to control mucus-binding capacity, avidity, and cooperativity.

SUBMITTER: Mays ZJS 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7191639 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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