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New Additions to the CRISPR Toolbox: CRISPR-CLONInG and CRISPR-CLIP for Donor Construction in Genome Editing.


ABSTRACT: CRISPR-Cas has proven to be the most versatile genetic tinkering system of our time, predominantly as a precision genome editing tool. Here, we demonstrate two additions to the repertoire of CRISPR's application for constructing donor DNA templates: CRISPR-CLONInG and CRISPR-CLIP. CRISPR-CLONInG (CRISPR-Cutting and Ligation Of Nucleic acid In vitro via Gibson) was devised to enable efficient cut-and-paste of multiple complex DNA fragments by using CRISPR-Cas9 as a digestion alternative with precision and exclusivity features, followed by joining the digested products via Gibson Assembly, to construct double-stranded DNA and adeno-associated virus (AAV) donor vectors rapidly without cloning scars. CRISPR-CLIP (CRISPR-Clipped Long ssDNA via Incising Plasmid) was devised as a DNA clipping tool to retrieve long single-stranded DNA (lssDNA) efficiently from plasmid, up to 3.5?kbase, which can be supplied as the donor template for creating genetically engineered mice via Easi-CRISPR. We utilized two different Cas types (Cpf1 and Cas9n) to induce two distinct incisions at the respective ends of the lssDNA cassette junctions on the plasmid, yielding three independent single-stranded DNA units of unique sizes eligible for strand separation, followed by target strand clip-out through gel extraction. The retrieval of the lssDNA donor circumvents involvements of restriction enzymes and DNA polymerase-based steps. Hence, it not only retains sequence fidelity but also carries virtually no restriction on sequence composition, further mitigating limitations on the current Easi-CRISPR method. With the add-on feature of universal DNA-tag sequences of Cpf1-Cas9 duo protospacer adjacent motif, CRISPR-CLIP can be facile and applicable to generate lssDNA templates for any genomic target of choice. Additionally, we demonstrate robust gene editing efficiencies in the neuroblastoma cell line, as well as in mice attained with the AAV and lssDNA donors constructed herein.

SUBMITTER: Shola DTN 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7194329 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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