Novel Missense Variant in Heterozygous State in the BRPF1 Gene Leading to Intellectual Developmental Disorder With Dysmorphic Facies and Ptosis.
ABSTRACT: Intellectual developmental disorder with dysmorphic facies and ptosis is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, delayed speech, and dysmorphic facial features, mostly ptosis. Heterozygous mutations in bromodomain and plant homeodomain (PHD) finger containing one (BRPF1) gene have been reported. In this study, whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed as a molecular diagnostic test. Bioinformatics of WES data and candidate gene prioritization identified a novel variant in heterozygous state in the exon 3 of BRPF1 gene (ENST383829: c.1054G > C and p.Val352Leu). Autosomal dominant inheritance in the family affected individuals and exclusion of non-pathogenicity in the ethnically matched healthy controls (n = 100) were performed by Sanger sequencing. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evidence of BRPF1 variant in a Saudi family. Whole exome sequencing analysis has been proven as a valuable tool in the molecular diagnostics. Our findings further expand the role of WES in efficient disease diagnosis in Arab families and explained that the mutation in BRPF1 gene plays an important role for the development of IDDFP syndrome.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7221184 | BioStudies |