Reduced Common Molecular Orbital Basis for Nonorthogonal Configuration Interaction.
ABSTRACT: Electron and charge transfers are part of many vital processes in nature and technology. Ab initio descriptions of these processes provide useful insights that can be utilized for applications. A combination of the embedded cluster material model and nonorthogonal configuration interaction (NOCI), in which the cluster wave functions are expanded in many-electron basis functions (MEBFs) consisting of spin-adapted, antisymmetrized products of multiconfigurational wave functions of fragments (which are usually molecules) in the cluster, appears to provide a compromise between accuracy and calculation time. Additional advantages of this NOCI-Fragments approach are the chemically convenient interpretation of the wave function in terms of molecular states, and the direct accessibility of electronic coupling between diabatic states to describe energy and electron transfer processes. Bottlenecks in this method are the large number of two-electron integrals that have to be handled for the calculation of an electronic coupling matrix element and the enormous number of matrix elements over determinant pairs that have to be evaluated for the calculation of one matrix element between the MEBFs. We show here how we created a reduced common molecular orbital basis that is utilized to significantly reduce the number of two-electron integrals that need to be handled. The results obtained with this basis do not show any loss of accuracy in relevant quantities like electronic couplings and vertical excitation energies. We also show a significant reduction in computation time without loss in accuracy when matrix elements over determinant pairs with small weights are neglected in the NOCI. These improvements in the methodology render NOCI-Fragments to be also applicable to treat clusters of larger molecular systems with larger atomic basis sets and larger active spaces, as the computation time becomes dependent on the number of occupied orbitals and less dependent on the size of the active space.
Project description:We present a second-order N-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2) based on a density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) reference wave function that exploits a Cholesky decomposition of the two-electron repulsion integrals (CD-DMRG-NEVPT2). With a parameter-free multireference perturbation theory approach at hand, the latter allows us to efficiently describe static and dynamic correlation in large molecular systems. We demonstrate the applicability of CD-DMRG-NEVPT2 for spin-state energetics of spin-crossover complexes involving calculations with more than 1000 atomic basis functions. We first assess, in a study of a heme model, the accuracy of the strongly and partially contracted variant of CD-DMRG-NEVPT2 before embarking on resolving a controversy about the spin ground state of a cobalt tropocoronand complex.
Project description:The electron structure, elastic constant, Debye temperature and anisotropy of elastic wave velocity for cubic WO3 are studied using CASTEP based on density functional theory. The optimized structure is consistent with previous work and the band gap is obtained by computing the electronic structure; the top of the valence band is not at the same point as the bottom of the conduction band, which is an indirect band-gap oxide. Electronic properties are studied from the calculation of band structure, densities of states and charge densities. The bulk and shear moduli, Young's modulus, hardness and Poisson's ratio for WO3 are studied by the elastic constants. We calculated acoustic wave velocities in different directions and estimated the Debye temperature from the acoustic velocity. The anisotropy of WO3 was analysed from the point of view of a pure wave and quasi wave.
Project description:We present an approach for the calculation of spin density distributions for molecules that require very large active spaces for a qualitatively correct description of their electronic structure. Our approach is based on the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) algorithm to calculate the spin density matrix elements as a basic quantity for the spatially resolved spin density distribution. The spin density matrix elements are directly determined from the second-quantized elementary operators optimized by the DMRG algorithm. As an analytic convergence criterion for the spin density distribution, we employ our recently developed sampling-reconstruction scheme [J. Chem. Phys.2011, 134, 224101] to build an accurate complete-active-space configuration-interaction (CASCI) wave function from the optimized matrix product states. The spin density matrix elements can then also be determined as an expectation value employing the reconstructed wave function expansion. Furthermore, the explicit reconstruction of a CASCI-type wave function provides insight into chemically interesting features of the molecule under study such as the distribution of ? and ? electrons in terms of Slater determinants, CI coefficients, and natural orbitals. The methodology is applied to an iron nitrosyl complex which we have identified as a challenging system for standard approaches [J. Chem. Theory Comput.2011, 7, 2740].
Project description:Understanding exotic, non-s-wave-like states of Cooper pairs is important and may lead to new superconductors with higher critical temperatures and novel properties. Their existence is known to be possible but has always been thought to be associated with non-traditional mechanisms of superconductivity where electronic correlations play an important role. Here we use a first principles linear response calculation to show that in doped Bi2Se3 an unconventional p-wave-like state can be favoured via a conventional phonon-mediated mechanism, as driven by an unusual, almost singular behaviour of the electron-phonon interaction at long wavelengths. This may provide a new platform for our understanding of superconductivity phenomena in doped band insulators.
Project description:The oxidation of three phenols, which contain an intramolecular hydrogen bond to a pendent pyridine or amine group, has been shown, in a previous experimental study, to undergo concerted proton-electron transfer (CPET). In this reaction, the electron is transferred to an outer-sphere oxidant, and the proton is transferred from the oxygen to nitrogen atom. In the present study, this reaction is studied computationally using a version of Hammes-Schiffer's multistate continuum theory where CPET is formulated as a transmission frequency between neutral and cation vibrational-electronic states. The neutral and cation proton vibrational wave functions are computed from one-dimensional potential energy surfaces (PESs) for the transferring proton in a fixed heavy atom framework. The overlap integrals for these neutral/cation wave functions, considering several initial (i.e., neutral) and final (i.e., cation) vibrational states, are used to evaluate the relative rates of oxidation. The analysis is extended to heavy atom configurations with various proton donor-acceptor (i.e., O-N) distances to assess the importance of heavy atom "gating". Such changes in d(ON) dramatically affect the nature of the proton PESs and wave functions. Surprisingly, the most reactive configurations have similar donor-acceptor distances despite the large (~0.2 Å) differences in the optimized structures. These theoretical results qualitatively reproduce the experimental faster reactivity of the reaction of the pyridyl derivative 1 versus the CH(2)-pyridyl 2, but the computed factor of 5 is smaller than the experimental 10(2). The amine derivative is calculated to react similarly to 1, which does not agree with the experiments, likely due to some of the simplifying assumptions made in applying the theory. The computed kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and their temperature dependence are in agreement with experimental results.
Project description:Since its discovery over 50 years ago, the "structure" and properties of the hydrated electron have been a subject for wonderment and also fierce debate. In the present work we seriously explore a minimal model for the aqueous electron, consisting of a small water anion cluster embedded in a polarized continuum, using several levels of ab initio calculation and basis set. The minimum energy "zero Kelvin" structure found for any 4-water (or larger) anion cluster, at any post-Hartree–Fock theory level, is very similar to a recently reported embedded-DFT-in-classical-water-MD simulation (Uhlig, Marsalek, and Jungwirth, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2012, 3, 3071?3075), with four OH bonds oriented toward the maximum charge density in a small central "void". The minimum calculation with just four water molecules does a remarkably good job of reproducing the resonance Raman properties, the radius of gyration derived from the optical spectrum, the vertical detachment energy, and the hydration free energy. For the first time we also successfully calculate the EPR g-factor and (low temperature ice) hyperfine couplings. The simple tetrahedral anion cluster model conforms very well to experiment, suggesting it does in fact represent the dominant structural motif of the hydrated electron.
Project description:The calculation of electron correlation is vital for the description of atomistic phenomena in physics, chemistry, and biology. However, accurate wavefunction-based methods exhibit steep scaling and often sluggish convergence with respect to the basis set at hand. Because of their delocalization and ease of extrapolation to the basis-set limit, plane waves would be ideally suited for the calculation of basis-set limit correlation energies. However, the routine use of correlated wavefunction approaches in a plane-wave basis set is hampered by prohibitive scaling due to a large number of virtual continuum states and has not been feasible for all but the smallest systems, even if substantial computational resources are available and methods with comparably beneficial scaling, such as the Møller-Plesset perturbation theory to second order (MP2), are used. Here, we introduce a stochastic sampling of the MP2 integrand based on Monte Carlo summation over continuum orbitals, which allows for speedups of up to a factor of 1000. Given a fixed number of sampling points, the resulting algorithm is dominated by a flat scaling of ?O(N2). Absolute correlation energies are accurate to <0.1 kcal/mol with respect to conventional calculations for several hundreds of electrons. This allows for the calculation of unbiased basis-set limit correlation energies for systems containing hundreds of electrons with unprecedented efficiency gains based on a straightforward treatment of continuum contributions.