Unknown

Dataset Information

0

An extensive field study reveals the circulation of new genetic variants of subtype 1a of bovine viral diarrhea virus in Uruguay.


ABSTRACT: Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a major pathogen worldwide, causing significant economic losses to the livestock sector. In Uruguay, BVDV seroprevalence at the farm level is >80%. In this work, 2546 serum, blood or tissue samples collected from animals suspected of being affected by BVD between 2015 and 2017 were analyzed by reverse transcription PCR and sequencing. Analysis of the BVDV genomic regions 5'UTR/Npro, Npro and E2 revealed that BVDV-1a, 1i and 2b circulate in the country, with BVDV-1a being the most prevalent subtype. Population dynamics studies revealed that BVDV-1a has been circulating in our herds since ~1990. This subtype began to spread and evolve, accumulating point mutations at a rate of 3.48 × 10-3 substitutions/site/year, acquiring specific genetic characteristics that gave rise to two local genetic lineages of BVDV-1a. These lineages are divergent from those circulating worldwide, as well as the vaccine strain currently used in Uruguay. The most notable differences between field and vaccine strains were found in the E2 glycoprotein, suggesting that the amino acid substitutions could result in failure of cross-protection/neutralization after vaccination. This is the first study that compares Uruguayan BVDV field and vaccine strains with other BVDV strains from throughout the world. The results obtained in this study will be very useful for developing a suitable immunization program for BVDV in Uruguay by identifying local field strains as candidates for vaccine development.

SUBMITTER: Maya L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7222985 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3691640 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7690067 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4751118 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6194550 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7058746 | BioStudies
2000-01-01 | S-EPMC112140 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC7127600 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7354535 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5715619 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3697457 | BioStudies