Dataset Information


Trends in healthcare use in children aged less than 15 years: a population-based cohort study in England from 2007 to 2017.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To describe changing use of primary care in relation to use of urgent care and planned hospital services by children aged less than 15 years in England in the decade following major primary care reforms from 2007 to 2017 DESIGN: Population-based retrospective cohort study. METHODS:We used linked data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink to study children's primary care consultations and use of hospital care including emergency department (ED) visits, emergency and elective admissions to hospital and outpatient visits to specialists. RESULTS:Between 1 April 2007 and 31 March 2017, there were 7?604?024 general practitioner (GP) consultations, 981?684 ED visits, 287?719 emergency hospital admissions, 2?253?533 outpatient visits and 194?034 elective admissions among 1?484?455 children aged less than 15 years. Age-standardised GP consultation rates fell (-1.0%/year) to 1864 per 1000 child-years in 2017 in all age bands except infants rising by 1%/year to 6722 per 1000/child-years in 2017. ED visit rates increased by 1.6%/year to 369 per 1000 child-years in 2017, with steeper rises of 3.9%/year in infants (780 per 1000 child-years in 2017). Emergency hospital admission rates rose steadily by 3%/year to 86 per 1000 child-years and outpatient visit rates rose to 724 per 1000 child-years in 2017. CONCLUSIONS:Over the past decade since National Health Service primary care reforms, GP consultation rates have fallen for all children, except for infants. Children's use of hospital urgent and outpatient care has risen in all ages, especially infants. These changes signify the need for better access and provision of specialist and community-based support for families with young children.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7228511 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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