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Topical emollient therapy in the management of severe acute malnutrition in children under two: A randomized controlled clinical trial in Bangladesh.


ABSTRACT: Background:Topical emollient therapy can improve neonatal health and growth and potentially provides an additional avenue for augmenting the provision of nutrition to children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). We hypothesised that topical treatment of hospitalised children with SAM using sunflower seed oil (SSO), in addition to standard-of-care for SAM, would improve skin barrier function and weight gain, reduce risk of infection, and accelerate clinical recovery. Methods:We conducted a randomised, two-arm, controlled, unblinded clinical trial in 212 subjects aged 2 to 24 months who were admitted for care of SAM at the 'Dhaka Hospital' of icddr,b during January 2016 to November 2017. Enrollment was age-stratified into 2 to <6 months and 6 to 24 months age groups in a 1:2 ratio. All children received SAM standard-of-care, and the SSO group was also treated with 3 g of SSO per kg body weight three times daily for 10 days. Primary outcome was rate of weight gain over the 10-day study period. Secondary endpoints included rate of nosocomial infection, time to recovery from acute illness, skin condition score, rate of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level. Results:Rate of weight gain was higher in the SSO than the control group (adjusted mean difference, AMD?=?0.90 g/kg/d, 95% confidence interval (CI)?=?-1.22 to 3.03 in the younger age stratum), but did not reach statistical significance. Nosocomial infection rate was significantly lower in the SSO group in the older age stratum (adjusted odds ratio (OR)?=?0.41, 95% CI?=?0.19 to 0.85; P?=?0.017), but was comparable in the younger age stratum and overall. Skin condition score improved (AMD?=?-14.88, 95% CI?=?-24.12 to -5.65, P?=?0.002) and TEWL was reduced overall (AMD?=?-2.59, 95% CI?=?-3.86 to -1.31, P?

SUBMITTER: Shahunja KM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7243074 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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