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Alkyne Functionalization of a Photoactivated Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complex for Click-Enabled Serum Albumin Interaction Studies.


ABSTRACT: Studying metal-protein interactions is key for understanding the fate of metallodrugs in biological systems. When a metal complex is not emissive and too weakly bound for mass spectrometry analysis, however, it may become challenging to study such interactions. In this work a synthetic procedure was developed for the alkyne functionalization of a photolabile ruthenium polypyridyl complex, [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(Hmte)](PF6)2, where tpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, and Hmte = 2-(methylthio)ethanol. In the functionalized complex [Ru(HCC-tpy)(bpy)(Hmte)](PF6)2, where HCC-tpy = 4'-ethynyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, the alkyne group can be used for bioorthogonal ligation to an azide-labeled fluorophore using copper-catalyzed "click" chemistry. We developed a gel-based click chemistry method to study the interaction between this ruthenium complex and bovine serum albumin (BSA). Our results demonstrate that visualization of the interaction between the metal complex and the protein is possible, even when this interaction is too weak to be studied by conventional means such as UV-vis spectroscopy or ESI mass spectrometry. In addition, the weak metal complex-protein interaction is controlled by visible light irradiation, i.e., the complex and the protein do not interact in the dark, but they do interact via weak van der Waals interactions after light activation of the complex, which triggers photosubstitution of the Hmte ligand.

SUBMITTER: Busemann A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7268191 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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