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Knockdown of lncRNA XIST Suppresses Cell Tumorigenicity in Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer by Regulating miR-142-5p/PAX6 Axis.


ABSTRACT: Background:Long noncoding RNA X inactivate-specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) has been identified to contribute to the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thus, it is important to explore more specific functions and molecular mechanisms of XIST in NSCLC tumorigenesis. Materials and Methods:The expression of XIST, microRNA (miR)-142-5p and paired box 6 (PAX6) was measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or Western blot, respectively. Cell proliferation was analyzed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Flow cytometry was utilized to measure apoptotic cells. Cell migration and invasion were determined by Transwell assay. The interaction between miR-142-5p and XIST or PAX6 was confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay. In vivo experiments were performed through the murine xenograft model. Results:XIST was elevated in NSCLC, and XIST knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and induced apoptosis in vitro as well as repressed tumor growth in vivo. MiR-142-5p was a target of XIST, and silencing miR-142-5p reversed the anti-tumor functions mediated by XIST knockdown in NSCLC cells. PAX6 was confirmed to be a target of miR-142-5p, and the inhibitory effects caused by miR-142-5p restoration in NSCLC cell malignant phenotypes were attenuated by PAX6 overexpression. Besides that, XIST could indirectly regulate PAX6 expression by sponging miR-142-5p in vivo and in vitro. Conclusion:XIST suppresses cell tumorigenicity in human NSCLC by regulating miR-142-5p/PAX6 axis, which indicates a novel insight into the pathogenesis of NSCLC and lays a foundation for the molecular therapy of NSCLC.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7276200 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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