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The YTH Domain Family of N6-Methyladenosine "Readers" in the Diagnosis and Prognosis of Colonic Adenocarcinoma.


ABSTRACT: To profile the landscape of methylation N6 adenosine (m6A) RNA regulators in colonic adenocarcinoma (COAD) and to explore potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, we assessed the differential expression patterns of m6A RNA methylation regulators between 418 COAD patients and 41 controls based on profiling from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. We plotted the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calculated the area under the curve (AUC) values to estimate the discrimination ability. The relationship between the expression of m6A RNA methylation regulators and clinicopathological characteristics was explored. Kaplan-Meier plotter, log-rank test, and Cox regression were used and a nomogram was created to explore the prognostic significance of m6A-related genes in overall survival at the mRNA level. Pathway analysis was performed by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) using TCGA dataset, and a coexpression network was built based on the STRING database. We observed that YTHDF1, METTL3, and KIAA1429 were significantly upregulated, while YTHDF3, YTHDC2, METTL14, and ALKBH5 were significantly downregulated in COAD samples compared to normal samples. YTHDF1 had the highest diagnostic value. Low expression of YTHDF3 predicted a poor survival rate in COAD patients. YTHDC2 was related to sex and showed a downward trend as clinical stage increased. Our results indicate that the YT521-B homology (YTH) domain family ("readers"), especially YTHDF1, YTHDF3, and YTHDC2, might play a significant role in the detection, progression, and prognosis of COAD, indicating that they are promising cancer biomarkers.

SUBMITTER: Xu D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7277069 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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