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Accelerated instability testing reveals quantitative mass spectrometry overcomes specimen storage limitations associated with PD-L1 immunohistochemistry.


ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) using formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue is limited by epitope masking, posttranslational modification and immunoreactivity loss that occurs in stored tissue by poorly characterized mechanisms. Conformational epitopes recognized by many programmed-death-ligand-1 (PD-L1) IHC assays are particularly susceptible to degradation and provide an ideal model for understanding signal loss in stored FFPE tissue. Here we assessed 1206 tissue sections to evaluate environmental factors impacting immunoreactivity loss. PD-L1 IHC using four antibodies (22C3, 28-8, E1L3N, and SP142), raised against intracellular and extracellular epitopes, was assessed in stored FFPE tissue alongside quantitative mass spectrometry (MS). Global proteome analyses were used to assess proteome-wide oxidation across an inventory of 3041 protein groups (24,737 distinct peptides). PD-L1 quantitation correlated well with IHC expression on unaged sections (R2?=?0.744; P?

SUBMITTER: Haragan A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7280177 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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