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Computational modeling to determine key regulators of hypoxia effects on the lactate production in the glycolysis pathway.


ABSTRACT: In solid tumors, hypoxia can trigger aberrant expression of transcription factors and genes, resulting in abnormal biological functions such as altered energetic pathways in cancer cells. Glucose metabolism is an important part of this phenomenon, which is associated with changes in the functional expression of transporters and enzymes involved in the glycolysis pathway. The latter phenomenon can finally lead to the lactate accumulation and pH dysregulation in the tumor microenvironment and subsequently further invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. Having capitalized on the computational modeling, in this study, for the first time, we aimed to investigate the effects of hypoxia-induced factor-1 (HIF-1) mediated hypoxia on the magnitude of functional expression of all the enzymes and transporters involved in the glycolysis process. The main objective was to establish a quantitative relationship between the hypoxia intensity and the intracellular lactate levels and determine the key regulators of the glycolysis pathway. This model clearly showed an increase in the lactate concentration during the oxygen depletion. The proposed model also predicted that the phosphofructokinase-1 and phosphoglucomutase enzymes might play the most important roles in the regulation of the lactate production.

SUBMITTER: Hashemzadeh S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7280308 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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