Haplotype-Based Genome-Wide Association Study and Identification of Candidate Genes Associated with Carcass Traits in Hanwoo Cattle.
ABSTRACT: Hanwoo, is the most popular native beef cattle in South Korea. Due to its extensive popularity, research is ongoing to enhance its carcass quality and marbling traits. In this study we conducted a haplotype-based genome-wide association study (GWAS) by constructing haplotype blocks by three methods: number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a haplotype block (nsnp), length of genomic region in kb (Len) and linkage disequilibrium (LD). Significant haplotype blocks and genes associated with them were identified for carcass traits such as BFT (back fat thickness), EMA (eye Muscle area), CWT (carcass weight) and MS (marbling score). Gene-set enrichment analysis and functional annotation of genes in the significantly-associated loci revealed candidate genes, including PLCB1 and PLCB4 present on BTA13, coding for phospholipases, which might be important candidates for increasing fat deposition due to their role in lipid metabolism and adipogenesis. CEL (carboxyl ester lipase), a bile-salt activated lipase, responsible for lipid catabolic process was also identified within the significantly-associated haplotype block on BTA11. The results were validated in a different Hanwoo population. The genes and pathways identified in this study may serve as good candidates for improving carcass traits in Hanwoo cattle.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7290854 | BioStudies |