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Comparison of rapamycin and methylprednisolone for treating inflammatory muscle disease in a murine model of experimental autoimmune myositis.


ABSTRACT: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a group of autoimmune inflammatory muscle diseases. Rapamycin has been shown to ameliorate inflammation and improve muscle function in a mouse model of experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM). In the present study, the therapeutic effect of rapamycin was compared with methylprednisolone (MP) on EAM. Mice were injected with myosin for 10 days to induce EAM and were subsequently treated with rapamycin (1.5 mg/kg), MP (40 mg/kg) or placebo (DMSO) for 14 days. The rapamycin-treated group exhibited significantly decreased severe inflammation and improved muscle strength compared with the MP-treated group. The plasma transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) concentration in the rapamycin-treated group was significantly higher compared with the placebo group. However, both treatment groups exhibited significantly lower plasma interleukin-10 levels compared with the placebo group. Moreover, splenic regulatory T cell frequency in both the rapamycin- and MP-treated animals was significantly lower than that in the animals of the placebo group. Rapamycin showed better immune suppressive effects than MP in this model of EAM, and these effects were likely to be mediated by the TGF-? signaling pathway.

SUBMITTER: Kang J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7291653 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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