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Implications of Error-Prone Long-Read Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequencing on Characterizing Reference Microbiomes.


ABSTRACT: Long-read sequencing techniques, such as the Oxford Nanopore Technology, can generate reads that are tens of kilobases in length and are therefore particularly relevant for microbiome studies. However, owing to the higher per-base error rates than typical short-read sequencing, the application of long-read sequencing on microbiomes remains largely unexplored. Here we deeply sequenced two human microbiota mock community samples (HM-276D and HM-277D) from the Human Microbiome Project. We showed that assembly programs consistently achieved high accuracy (?99%) and completeness (?99%) for bacterial strains with adequate coverage. We also found that long-read sequencing provides accurate estimates of species-level abundance (R = 0.94 for 20 bacteria with abundance ranging from 0.005% to 64%). Our results not only demonstrate the feasibility of characterizing complete microbial genomes and populations from error-prone Nanopore sequencing data but also highlight necessary bioinformatics improvements for future metagenomics tool development.

SUBMITTER: Hu Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7305381 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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