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Thrombospondin 1 improves hepatic steatosis in diet-induced insulin-resistant mice and is associated with hepatic fat content in humans.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with altered production of secreted proteins. Increased understanding of secreted proteins could lead to improved prediction and treatment of NAFLD. Here, we aimed to discover novel secreted proteins in humans that are associated with hepatic fat content using unbiased proteomic profiling strategy, and how the identified Thbs1 modulates lipid metabolism and hepatic steatosis. METHOD:NAFLD patients were enrolled and treated with lifestyle intervention. Patients who underwent liver biopsy were enrolled for analyzing the correlation between circulating Thbs1 and liver steatosis. Mice were fed on high-fat, high-sucrose diet and treated with recombinant Thbs1. Primary hepatocytes isolated from CD36 knockout (CD36-/-) mice and their wild-type littermates (controls) were treated with glucose plus insulin for 24 h together with or without recombinant Thbs1. FINDING:Serum Thbs1 levels are increased in participants with NAFLD and positively associated with liver steatosis grades. Improvement of liver steatosis after lifestyle intervention was accompanied with significant reduction of serum Thbs1 levels. Pharmacological administration of recombinant human Thbs1 attenuates hepatic steatosis in diet-induced obese mice. Treatment with Thbs1 protein or stably overexpression of Thbs1 causes a significant reduction of lipid accumulation in primary hepatocytes or HepG2 cells exposed to high glucose plus insulin, suggesting that Thbs1 regulates lipid metabolism in a hepatocyte-autonomous manner. Mechanistically, Thbs1 inhibits cleavage and processing of SREBP-1, leading to a reduction of target lipogenic gene expression and hepatic steatosis. Inhibitory effects of Thbs1 on lipogenesis and triglyceride accumulation are abrogated in CD36 deficient primary hepatocytes exposed to high glucose plus insulin. Interestingly, beneficial effects of Thbs1 on lipid accumulation are observed in primary hepatocytes treated with a Thbs1 nonapeptide mimetic ABT-526. INTERPRETATION:Thbs1 is a biomarker for NAFLD in humans, and pharmacological and genetic approaches for the modulation of Thbs1 activity may have the therapeutic potential for treating hepatic steatosis. FUND: A full list of funding bodies that contributed to this study can be found in the Funding Sources section.

SUBMITTER: Bai J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7317187 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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