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U-Omp19 from Brucella abortus increases dmLT immunogenicity and improves protection against Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) oral challenge.


ABSTRACT: Acute diarrhea disease caused by bacterial infections is a major global health problem. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the top causes of diarrhea-associated morbidity and mortality in young children and travelers to low-income countries. There are currently no licensed vaccines for ETEC. Induction of immunity at the site of entry of the bacteria is key to prevent infection. Current approaches to ETEC vaccines include a less toxic mutant form of E. coli heat-labile toxin (double-mutant heat-labile enterotoxin -dmLT-) with both antigenic and immunostimulatory properties. U-Omp19 is a protease inhibitor from Brucella spp. with immunostimulatory properties that has been used as oral adjuvant. In this work, we use U-Omp19 as adjuvant in an oral vaccine formulation against ETEC containing dmLT in outbred and inbred mice. To evaluate antigen dose sparing by U-Omp19 three different immunization protocols with three different doses of dmLT were evaluated. We demonstrated that U-Omp19 co-delivery increases anti-LT IgA in feces using a mid-dose of dmLT following a prime-boost protocol (after one or two boosts). Oral immunization with U-Omp19 induced protection against LT challenge when co-formulated with dmLT in CD-1 and BALB/c mice. Indeed, there was a significant increase in anti-LT IgG and IgA avidity after a single oral administration of dmLT plus U-Omp19 in comparison with dmLT delivered alone. Interestingly, sera from dmLT plus U-Omp19 vaccinated mice significantly neutralize LT effect on intestine inflammation in vivo compared with sera from the group immunized with dmLT alone. These results demonstrate the adjuvant capacity of U-Omp19 to increase dmLT immunogenicity by the oral route and support its use in an oral subunit vaccine formulation against ETEC.

SUBMITTER: Coria LM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7327514 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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