Cumulative evidence of relationships between multiple variants in 8q24 region and cancer incidence.
ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple independent cancer susceptibility loci at chromosome 8q24. We aimed to evaluate the associations between variants in the 8q24 region and cancer susceptibility. A comprehensive research synopsis and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate associations between 28 variants in 8q24 and risk of 7 cancers using data from 103 eligible articles totaling 146,932 cancer cases and 219,724 controls. Results: 20 variants were significantly associated with risk of prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, stomach cancer, and glioma, including 1 variant associated with prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and thyroid cancer. Cumulative epidemiological evidence of an association was graded as strong for DG8S737 -8 allele, rs10090154, rs7000448 in prostate cancer, rs10808556 in colorectal cancer, rs55705857 in gliomas, rs9642880 in bladder cancer, moderate for rs16901979, rs1447295, rs6983267, rs7017300, rs7837688, rs1016343, rs620861, rs10086908 associated in prostate cancer, rs10505477, rs6983267 in colorectal cancer, rs6983267 in thyroid cancer, rs13281615 in breast cancer, and rs1447295 in stomach cancer, weak for rs6983561, rs13254738, rs7008482, rs4242384 in prostate cancer. Data from ENCODE suggested that these variants with strong evidence and other correlated variants might fall within putative functional regions. Our study provides summary evidence that common variants in the 8q24 are associated with risk of multiple cancers in this large-scale research synopsis and meta-analysis. Further studies are needed to explore the mechanisms underlying variants in the 8q24 involved in various human cancers.
Project description:Genetic variation at 8q24 is associated with prostate, bladder, breast, colorectal, thyroid, lung, ovarian, UADT, liver and stomach cancers. However, a role for variation at 8q24 in familial clustering of upper gastrointestinal cancers has not been studied. In order to explore potential inherited susceptibility, we analyzed epidemiologic data from a population-based case-control study of upper gastrointestinal cancers from Taixing, China. The study population includes 204 liver, 206 stomach, and 218 esophageal cancer cases and 415 controls. Associations between 8q24 rs1447295, rs16901979, rs6983267 and these cancers were stratified by family history of cancer. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were adjusted for potential confounders: age, sex, education, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI at interview. We also adjusted for hepatitis B and aflatoxin (liver cancer) and Helicobacter pylori (stomach cancer). In a dominant model, among those with a family history of cancer, rs1447295 was positively associated with liver cancer (OR(adj) 2.80; 95% CI 1.15-6.80). Heterogeneity was observed (P(heterogeneity) = 0.029) with rs6983267 and liver cancer, with positive association in the dominant model among those with a family history of cancer and positive association in the recessive model among those without a family history of cancer. When considered in a genetic risk score model, each additional 8q24 risk genotype increased the odds of liver cancer by two-fold among those with a family history of cancer (OR(adj) 2.00; 95% CI 1.15-3.47). These findings suggest that inherited susceptibility to liver cancer may exist in the Taixing population and that variation at 8q24 might be a genetic component of that inherited susceptibility.
Project description:Recent genome-wide association studies identified key single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 8q24 region to be associated with prostate cancer. 8q24 SNPs have also been associated with colorectal cancer, suggesting that this region may not be specifically associated to just prostate cancer. To date, the association between these polymorphisms and tobacco smoking-related cancer sites remains unknown. Using epidemiologic data and biological samples previously collected in three case-control studies from U.S. and Chinese populations, we selected and genotyped one SNP from each of the three previously determined "regions" within the 8q24 loci, rs1447295 (region 1), rs16901979 (region 2), and rs6983267 (region 3), and examined their association with cancers of the lung, oropharynx, nasopharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, bladder, and kidney. We observed noteworthy associations between rs6983267 and upper aerodigestive tract cancers [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj), 1.69; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.28-2.24], particularly in oropharynx (ORadj, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.30-2.49) and larynx (ORadj, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.12-3.72). We also observed a suggestive association between rs6983267 and liver cancer (ORadj, 1.51; 95% CI, 0.99-2.31). When we stratified our analysis by smoking status, rs6983267 was positively associated with lung cancer among ever-smokers (ORadj, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.05-2.00) and inversely associated with bladder cancer among ever-smokers (ORadj, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.14-0.83). Associations were observed between rs16901979 and upper aerodigestive tract cancer among never-smokers and between rs1447295 and liver cancer among ever-smokers. Our results suggest variants of the 8q24 chromosome may play an important role in smoking-related cancer development. Functional and large epidemiologic studies should be conducted to further investigate the association of 8q24 SNPs with smoking-related cancers.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Common variants on human chromosome 8q24, rs1447295 (C/A) and rs6983267 (T/G), have been recently linked to the prevalence of prostate cancer in European and American populations. Here, we evaluated whether the single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs1447295 and rs6983267 were associated with the risk of sporadic prostate cancer as well as latent prostate cancer in a native Japanese population. RESULTS: We analyzed genomic DNA samples from 391 sporadic prostate cancer patients, 323 controls who had died from causes unrelated to cancer and 112 Japanese men who were diagnosed as having latent prostate cancer based on autopsy results. The polymorphisms were determined by allelic discrimination using a fluorescent-based TaqMan assay. The A allele of rs1447295 was significantly associated with the risk of sporadic prostate cancer (p = 0.04; age-adjusted OR, 1.34), while the G allele of rs6983267 showed a trend towards being a high-risk allele (p = 0.06; age-adjusted OR, 1.27). No significant difference between these two polymorphisms and the risk of latent prostate cancer was observed in the present Japanese population. CONCLUSION: Known variants on human chromosome 8q24 may be risk factors for sporadic prostate cancer in native Japanese men.
Project description:Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple independent cancer susceptibility loci at chromosome 8q24.We conducted a comprehensive research synopsis and meta-analysis to evaluate associations between 6 variants in 8q24 and risk of colorectal cancer using data from 31 eligible articles totaling 41,942 cases and 49,968 controls.Of the 6 variants located in 8q24, 3 were significantly associated with risk of colorectal cancer. In particular, both homozygous TT and heterozygous CT genotypes of rs10505477, as well as the GG and TG genotypes of rs6983267, were associated with risk of colorectal cancer.Our study provides summary evidence that common variants in the 8q24 are associated with risk of colorectal cancer in this large-scale research synopsis and meta-analysis. Further studies are needed to explore the exact role of the variants in the 8q24 involved in the etiology of colorectal cancer.
Project description:OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 8q24 chromosomal region identified from genome-wide scans have been associated with the risk of several cancers, including breast (rs1562430), prostate (rs1447295), and colon (rs6983267). A genome-wide scan in 26 families with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) also found susceptibility loci in 8q24, supporting a closer evaluation of this chromosomal region in relation to the risk of sporadic PTC. STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study. METHODS:We evaluated 157 tag SNPs in the 8q24 chromosomal region between 120.91 Mb and 128.78 Mb (including rs1562430, rs1447295, and rs6983267) in a case-control study of 344 PTC cases and 452 age and gender frequency-matched controls. We used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios and compute P values of linear trend for PTC with genotypes of interest. To account for multiple comparisons, we applied the false discovery rate (FDR) method. RESULTS:We did not find a significant association between rs1562430, rs1447295, or rs6983267 and PTC risk. We found that one SNP (rs4733616) was associated with PTC risk at P = .003, and 12 other SNPs were associated with PTC risk at P < .05. However, no SNPs remained significant after FDR correction. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings do not support a strong association between SNPs in the 8q24 chromosomal region and risk of sporadic PTC, but several SNPs with small effects might exist.
Project description:Recently, genome-wide association studies have identified loci across a segment of chromosome 8q24 (128,100,000-128,700,000) associated with the risk of breast, colon and prostate cancers. At least three regions of 8q24 have been independently associated with prostate cancer risk; the most centromeric of which appears to be population specific. Haplotypes in two contiguous but independent loci, marked by rs6983267 and rs1447295, have been identified in the Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility project ( http://cgems.cancer.gov ), which genotyped more than 5,000 prostate cancer cases and 5,000 controls of European origin. The rs6983267 locus is also strongly associated with colorectal cancer. To ascertain a comprehensive catalog of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the two regions, we conducted a resequence analysis of 136 kb (chr8: 128,473,000-128,609,802) using the Roche/454 next-generation sequencing technology in 39 prostate cancer cases and 40 controls of European origin. We have characterized a comprehensive catalog of common (MAF > 1%) SNPs within this region, including 442 novel SNPs and have determined the pattern of linkage disequilibrium across the region. Our study has generated a detailed map of genetic variation across the region, which should be useful for choosing SNPs for fine mapping of association signals in 8q24 and investigations of the functional consequences of select common variants.
Project description:Multiple independent cancer susceptibility loci at chromosome 8q24 have been identified by GWAS (Genome-wide association studies). Forty six articles including 60,293 cases and 62,971 controls were collected to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between 21 variants in 8q24 and prostate cancer risk. Of the 21 variants located in 8q2\5 were significantly associated with the risk of prostate cancer. In particular, both homozygous AA and heterozygous CA genotypes of rs16901979, as well as the AA and CA genotypes of rs1447295, were associated with the risk of prostate cancer. Our study showed that variants in the 8q24 region are associated with prostate cancer risk in this large-scale research synopsis and meta-analysis. Further studies are needed to explore the role of the 8q24 variants involved in the etiology of prostate cancer.
Project description:Previous studies have identified 8q24 as an important region to prostate cancer (PCa) susceptibility. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of six genetic variants on 8q24 (rs1447295, A; rs6983267, G; rs6983561, C; rs7837688, T; rs10090154, T and rs16901979, A) on PCa risk in Chinese population. Online electronic databases were searched to retrieve related articles concerning the association between 8q24 variants and PCa risk in men of Chinese population published between 2000 and 2014. Odds ratio (ORs) with its 95% correspondence interval (CI) were employed to assess the strength of association. Total eleven case-control studies were screened out, including 2624 PCa patients and 2438 healthy controls. Our results showed that three risk alleles of rs1447295 A (OR=1.35, 95% CI=1.19-1.53, P<0.00001), rs6983561 C (C vs. A: OR=1.41, 95% CI=1.21-1.63, P<0.00001) and rs10090154 T (T vs. C: OR=1.48, 95% CI=1.22-1.80, P<0.00001) on8q24 were significantly associated with PCa risk in Chinese population. Furthermore, genotypes of rs1447295, AA+AC; rs6983561, CC+AC and CC; rs10090154, TT+TC; and rs16901979, AA were associated with PCa as well (P<0.01). No association was found between rs6983267, rs7837688 and PCa risk. In conclusions, variants including rs1447295, rs6983561, rs10090154 and rs16901979 on 8q24 might be associated with PCa risk in Chinese population, indicating these four variations may contribute risk to this disease. This meta-analysis was the first study to assess the role of 8q24 variants on PCa risk in Chinese population.
Project description:Published data on the association between genetic variants on the 8q24 chromosome and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility are inconclusive. Here we present a meta-analysis designed to evaluate the relationship between 8q24 variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) labeled rs6983267 and rs1447295) and risk of developing GC.A literature search was performed using studies published on PubMed, Science Direct, OVID and Web of Science databases up to December 2016. Studies were selected based on our enrollment criteria, relevant data was extracted from each study and the odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated and used to assess the strength of associations found between 8q24 polymorphisms and GC risk. Conclusions about acceptable strong associations were made after taking into account sample heterogeneity and sensitivity analyses.A total of seven studies containing ten case-control studies were selected. Among these studies were six studies of 1,421 GC patients and 3,393 controls examining the role of the rs6983267 SNP and four studies including 779 cases and 1,266 controls examining rs1447295 SNP. The pooled results of these studies indicated that there was no significant association between both genetic variants and GC susceptibility using an allele, dominant, recessive and homozygote genetic models. When using a heterozygote genetic model, a significant increase was found in the association of GC risk for rs6983267 SNP (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.01-1.12, P = 0.015), whereas for rs1447295 SNP a significant decreased risk was detected (OR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.69-0.98, P = 0.030). In subgroup analyses based on ethnicity and genotyping methods, similar non-significant results were observed for the rs1447295 variant using the four genetic models (allele, dominant, recessive or homozygote models) and for the rs6983267 variant using only the allele, recessive and homozygote models. However, after a multiple testing correction to our calculations, these associations remained non-significant.Meta-analysis of gastrointestinal cancer genetic analysis studies did not confirm an association between 8q24 chromosome polymorphisms (specifically rs6983267 and rs1447295) and susceptibility to GC in the general populations.
Project description:Prostate cancer is a common complex disease that disproportionately affects men of African descent. Recently, several different common variants on chromosome 8q24 have been shown to be associated with prostate cancer in multiple studies and ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to confirm the association of 8q24 markers with prostate cancer in African Americans. We genotyped 24 markers along 8q24 and 80 unlinked ancestry informative markers in a hospital-based case-control sample of 1057 African American men (490 prostate cancer cases and 567 controls). Association analyses of 8q24 markers with prostate cancer risk were adjusted for both global and local 8q24 admixture stratification using estimates from ancestry informative markers. We report that rs7008482, which maps to the 8q24.13 region, is an additional independent prostate cancer risk variant (P = 5 x 10(-4)), and we also replicate the association of rs16901979 with prostate cancer (P = 0.002). Other published risk variants in the region such as rs1447295 and rs6983267 showed a similar direction and magnitude of effect, but were not significant in our population. Both rs7008482 and rs16901979 independently predicted risk and remained significant (P < 0.001) after controlling for each other. Our data combined with additional replications of 8q24 markers provide compelling support for multiple regions of risk for prostate cancer on 8q24.