Topography-driven alterations in endothelial cell phenotype and contact guidance.
ABSTRACT: Understanding how endothelial cell phenotype is affected by topography could improve the design of new tools for tissue engineering as many tissue engineering approaches make use of topography-mediated cell stimulation. Therefore, we cultured human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) on a directional topographical gradient to screen the EC vascular-like network formation and alignment response to nano to microsized topographies. The cell response was evaluated by microscopy. We found that ECs formed unstable vascular-like networks that aggregated in the smaller topographies and flat parts whereas ECs themselves aligned on the larger topographies. Subsequently, we designed a mixed topography where we could explore the network formation and proliferative properties of these ECs by live imaging for three days. Vascular-like network formation continued to be unstable on the topography and were only produced on the flat areas and a fibronectin coating did not improve the network stability. However, an instructive adipose tissue-derived stromal cell (ASC) coating provided the correct environment to sustain the vascular-like networks, which were still affected by the topography underneath. It was concluded that large microsized topographies inhibit vascular endothelial network formation but not proliferation and flat and nano/microsized topographies allow formation of early networks that can be stabilized by using an ASC instructive layer.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7330714 | BioStudies |