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Alpha-lipoic acid protects against pressure overload-induced heart failure via ALDH2-dependent Nrf1-FUNDC1 signaling.

ABSTRACT: Alpha-lipoic acid (?-LA), a well-known antioxidant, was proved to active ALDH2 in nitrate tolerance and diabetic animal model. However, the therapeutic advantage of ?-LA for heart failure and related signaling pathway have not been explored. This study was designed to examine the role of ?-LA-ALDH2 in heart failure injury and mitochondrial damage. ALDH2 knockout (ALDH2-/-) mice and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were subjected to assessment of myocardial function and mitochondrial autophagy. Our data demonstrated ?-LA significantly reduced the degree of TAC-induced LV hypertrophy and dysfunction in wild-type mice, not in ALDH2-/- mice. In molecular level, ?-LA significantly restored ALDH2 activity and expression as well as increased the expression of a novel mitophagy receptor protein FUNDC1 in wild-type TAC mice. Besides, we confirmed that ALDH2 which was activated by ?-LA governed the activation of Nrf1-FUNDC1 cascade. Our data suggest that ?-LA played a positive role in protecting the heart against adverse effects of chronic pressure overload.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7393127 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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