LINC01094 Down-Regulates miR-330-3p and Enhances the Expression of MSI1 to Promote the Progression of Glioma.
ABSTRACT: Background:This study aims at probing into the expression, function, and mechanism of LINC01094 and miR-330-3p in glioma. Materials and Methods:qRT-PCR was employed to examine LINC01094 and miR-330-3p expressions in gliomas. After gain-of-function and loss-of-function models were constructed, CCK-8 and Transwell assays were used to detect the proliferation, migration and invasion of LN229 and U251 cells, respectively. Additionally, dual luciferase reporter gene assay was utilized to verify the binding site between m4iR-330-3p and LINC01094, miR-330-3p, and the 3'UTR of musashi RNA binding protein 1 (MSI1). Then, RNA pull-down, RIP, qRT-PCR and Western blot were employed to detect the regulatory relationships among LINC01094, miR-330-3p, and MSI1. Results:The expression of LINC01094 was elevated in glioma tissues and cell lines, and the high expression of LINC01094 was associated with high grade of glioma. In contrast, miR-330-3p was lowly expressed in glioma tissue. Overexpression of LINC01094 or down-regulation of miR-330-3p promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells, while LINC01094 knockdown or miR-330-3p up-regulation impeded these processes. miR-330-3p was identified as a target miRNA of LINC01094, and it could be negatively regulated by LINC01094. In addition, miR-330-3p antagonized the function of LINC01094 by negatively regulating MSI1. Conclusion:LINC01094 promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells by adsorbing miR-330-3p and up-regulating the expression of MSI1.
Project description:Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been reported to be involved in the development and progression of glioma. But the function of miR-876-3p in glioma is unknown. We found that miR-876-3p is significantly downregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-876-3p suppressed glioma cell proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, migration, and invasion. By prediction combining with luciferase reporter assay, we identified that miR-876-3p could decrease the expression of KIF20A by directly targeting the region of its 3'UTR. Furthermore, we observed that overexpression of miR-876-3p inhibited the expression of KIF20A, thus blocking the protein kinase JAK2/STAT3 pathway. Overexpressed KIF20A reversed miR-876-3p-induced suppression of glioma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. We also demonstrated the inhibitory effect of miR-876-3p on tumor growth in glioma using an in vivo model. The miR-876-3p/KIF20A-axis mediated JAK2/STAT3 pathway have therapeutic potential in glioma treatment.
Project description:Purpose:The long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1094 (LINC01094) plays a vital role in the oncogenicity of clear cell renal cell carcinoma. However, its expression profile and detailed roles in glioblastoma (GBM) remain unknown. In this study, we mainly investigated the expression and roles of LINC01094 in GBM and focused on the mechanism by which LINC01094 regulates the malignant characteristics of GBM. Patients and Methods:LINC01094 expression in GBM was determined with quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo of GBM cells were evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometry analysis, migration assay, invasion assay, and tumor xenograft models, respectively. Results:LINC01094 was overexpressed in GBM tissues and cell lines. Moreover, increased LINC01094 expression was associated with adverse clinicopathological parameters in patients with GBM. Loss of LINC01094 inhibited GBM cell proliferation, migration, and invasion; promoted cell apoptosis; and suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Mechanically, LINC01094 functioned as a molecular sponge for microRNA-577 (miR-577) and consequently enhanced the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in GBM cells. Both miR-577 inhibition and BDNF expression enhancement reversed LINC01094 deficiency-mediated inhibition of malignant processes in GBM cells. Conclusion:Our results verified the involvement of the LINC01094/miR-577/BDNF pathway in GBM cells and its enhancing effects on the aggressive behaviors of GBM cells in vitro and in vivo. This pathway may be a novel and promising focus for the future development of targeted therapies for GBM.
Project description:MicroRNAs comprise a family of small non-coding RNA molecules that have emerged as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Aberrant miRNA expression has been linked to various human tumors. This study was aimed to identify novel miRNAs involved in the carcinogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their potential functions. We performed miRNA microarray and found that miR-330-3p was highly expressed in ESCC tumor tissues. qRT-PCR further confirmed the result in other 35 pairs of ESCC tumor tissues and ESCC cell lines. Ectopic expression of miR-330-3p significantly promoted ESCC cell proliferation, survival, migration, invasion in vitro and stimulated tumor formation in nude mice. Knockdown of miR-330-3p leaded to the opposite effects. The luciferase assay confirmed that miR-330-3p directly interacted with the PDCD4 mRNA 3' un-translated region (UTR). Moreover, expression of PDCD4 was inversely associated with miR-330-3p in ESCC tissues. Silencing of PDCD4 significantly promoted cell growth, cell migration, invasion and inhibited cisplatin-induced apoptosis in ESCC cells. This study suggested that miR-330-3p might play an oncogenic role in the development of ESCC partially via suppression of PDCD4 expression.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Brain metastasis (BM) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent studies demonstrated that microRNA-330-3p (miR-330-3p) was involved in NSCLC brain metastasis (BM). However, the exact parts played by miR-330-3p in BM of NSCLC remain unknown. Discovery and development of biomarkers and elucidation of the mechanism underlying BM in NSCLC is critical for effective prophylactic interventions. Here, we evaluated the expression and biological effects of miR-330-3p in NSCLC cells and explored the underlying mechanism of miR-330-3p in promoting cell migration and invasion in NSCLC. METHODS:Stable over-expression and knockdown of miR-330-3p in NSCLC cells was constructed with lentivirus. Expression levels of miR-330-3p in NSCLC cells were quantified by quantitive real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of miR-330-3p on NSCLC cells were investigated using assays of cell viability, migration, invasion, cell cycle, apoptosis, western blotting, immunohistochemical, and immunofluorescence staining. A xenograft nude mouse model and in situ brain metastasis model were used to observe tumor growth and brain metastasis. The potential target of miR-330-3p in NSCLC cells was explored using the luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and western blotting. The miR-330-3p targets were identified using bioinformatics analysis and verified by luciferase reporter assay. The correlation between GRIA3 and DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) 1 and DNMT3A was tested by RT-PCR, western blotting, and co-immunoprecipitation (IP). RESULTS:miR-330-3p was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC cell lines. MTT assay, transwell migration, and invasion assays showed that miR-330-3p promoted the growth, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells in vitro and induced tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Luciferase reporter assays showed that GRIA3 was a target of miR-330-3p. qRT-PCR and western blotting exhibited that miR-330-3p promoted the growth, invasion, and migration of NSCLC cells by activating mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular-regulated protein kinases (ERK) signaling pathway. Furthermore, miR-330-3p up-regulated the total DNA methylation in NSCLC cells, and co-IP-demonstrated GRIA3 was directly related with DNMT1 and DNMT3A. CONCLUSIONS:miR-330-3p promoted the progression of NSCLC and might be a potential target for the further research of NSCLC brain metastasis.
Project description:Brain metastasis (BM) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We sought to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) that could serve as biomarkers to differentiate NSCLC patients with and without BM. Logistic regression was conducted with 122 NSCLC patients (60 without BM, 62 with BM) to assess the association between miRNAs and BM. We confirmed several risk factors for BM and revealed that serum miR-330-3p levels are higher in NSCLC patients with BM than that without BM. Overexpression of miR-330-3p promoted proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of NSCLC cells in vitro and NSCLC tumorigenesis in vivo. Knocking down miR-330-3p suppressed this metastatic phenotype. We identified putative miR-330-3p target genes by comparing mRNA microarray analysis data from A549 cells after miR-330-3p knockdown with candidate miR-330-3p target genes predicted by public bioinformatic tools and luciferase reporter assays. We found that GRIA3 is a target of miR-330-3p and that miR-330-3p stimulates EMT progress by mediating GRIA3-TGF-?1 interaction. Our results provide novel insight into the role of miR-330-3p in NSCLC metastasis, and suggest miR-330-3p may be a useful biomarker for identifying NSCLC with metastatic potential.
Project description:Glioma is one of the most common tumors in the brain and complete cure still a challenge. The present research aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of circular RNA SMO (circSMO742) in glioma, via targeting miR-338-3p and regulating SMO expression. QRT-PCR was utilized to examine the expression profiles of circSMO742 and microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) in glioma. SMO protein in glioma was tested via western blot. RNA pulldown assay and dual luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the targeting correlation between RNAs. MTT assay, transwell assays and flow cytometry were used to investigate cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and apoptosis, respectively. Tumor xenograft was done to ascertain the effect of circSMO742 knocking down on tumor growth. CircSMO742 and SMO were highly expressed in glioma tissues, while miR-338-3p expression was reduced. CircSMO742 together with SMO could promote cells proliferation, migration and invasion while inhibit cells apoptosis, whereas miR-338-3p showed negative impacts on the cell activity. Knocking down of circSMO742 suppressed glioma growing in vivo. CircSMO742 promoted glioma growth by sponging miR-338-3p to regulate SMO expression. Our research revealed a new molecular mechanism of glioma growth and provide a fresh perspective on circRNAs in glioma progression.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Glioma has the characteristics of high incidence and mortality, and is a common malignant tumor of the central nervous system. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to play vital roles in progression of cancer including glioma, and circKIF4A is up-regulated in glioma tissues. However, its role and mechanisms in gliomas are unclear. METHODS:circKIF4A and miR-139-3p were determined by qRT-PCR. Transwell assay, wound-healing assay, cell colony formation and flow cytometry were performed to measure cell invasion, migration, proliferation and apoptosis. Western blotting was used to evaluate Wnt/?-catenin pathway-related protein. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed the relationship among circKIF4A, miR-139-3p and Wnt5a. Sphere formation was performed to measure the ability of glioma-initiating cells (GICs) spheroid formation. A nude mouse xenograft model was established and immunohistochemical staining was used to detect Ki-67 and Wnt5a levels. RESULTS:circKIF4A and Wnt5a were up-regulated and miR-139-3p was down-regulated in both glioma cells and tissues. circKIF4A promoted Wnt5a expression by sponging miR-139-3p. Knockdown of circKIF4A inhibited the colony formation ability, migration and invasion, and promoted the apoptosis of glioma cells by regulating miR-139-3p. Knockdown of circKIF4A inhibited Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway and proliferation-related signal via miR-139-3p. Furthermore, knockdown of circKIF4A or overexpression of miR-139 suppressed the ability of sphere formation of GICs and inhibitd Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway and proliferation-related signal in GICs. Additionally, depletion of circKIF4A decreased the expression level of Wnt5a and Ki-67, inhibited tumorigenesis in xenograft modes. CONCLUSION:circKIF4A was overexpressed in glioma, and knockdown of circKIF4A suppressed glioma progression via miR-139-3p/Wnt5a axis. The results indicated that circKIF4A may be a potential target for clinical treatment of glioma.
Project description:Accumulating evidence indicates long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) play a vital role in tumor progression. However, the role of linc00645-induced accelerated malignant behavior in glioblastoma (GBM) remains unknown. In the present study, linc00645 expression was significantly upregulated in GBM tissues and cell lines. High level of linc00645 was associated with poor overall survival in GBM patients. Knockdown of linc00645 suppressed the proliferation, stemness, migration, invasion, and reversed transforming growth factor (TGF)-?-induced motility of glioma cell lines. Furthermore, linc00645 directly interacted with miR-205-3p and upregulated of miR-205-3p impeded efficiently the increase of ZEB1 induced by linc00645 overexpression. Moreover, knockdown of linc00645 significantly suppressed the progression of glioma cells in vivo. miR-205-3p was a target of linc00645 and linc00645 modulates TGF-?-induced glioma cell migration and invasion via miR-205-3p. Taken together, our findings identified the linc00645/miR-205-3p/ZEB1 signaling axis as a key player in EMT of glioma cells triggered by TGF-?. These data elucidated that linc00645 plays an oncogenic role in glioma and it may serve as a prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of glioma in humans.
Project description:microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to affect various cancers, and expression of numerous miRNAs is revealed in glioma. However, the role of microRNA-30b-3p (miR-30b-3p) in glioma remains elusive. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the specific mechanism by which miR-30b-3p influence the development of glioma in relation to the AKT signaling pathway. First, glioma cell lines were collected with miR-30b-3p and reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (RECK) expression measured. The functional role of miR-30b-3p and RECK in glioma was determined via gain- and loss-of-function approaches. Subsequently, the expression of invasion- and migration-related factors (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and the AKT signaling pathway-related factors (AKT, p-AKT and PI3K-p85) was detected. Moreover, in vivo experiments were also conducted to investigate how miR-30b-3p influences in vivo tumorigenesis. The results showed that miR-30b-3p was up-regulated and RECK was down-regulated in glioma. RECK was a target gene of miR-30b-3p. Decreased miR-30b-3p and overexpressed RECK led to decreased expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-AKT. Overexpressed RECK and LY294002 could decrease p-AKT and PI3K-p85 expression accompanied with unchanged expression of total protein of AKT. Additionally, proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells and tumor formation in nude mice were repressed owing to reduced expression of miR-30b-3p or elevated expression of RECK. In summary, miR-30b-3p inhibition suppresses metastasis of glioma cells by inactivating the AKT signaling pathway via RECK up-regulation, providing a new target for glioma treatment.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRs) are involved in the regulation of many processes that contribute to malignancy, including cell proliferation, radiation resistance, invasion and metastasis. The role of miR-330-3p, an miR upregulated in breast cancer, remains unclear.We examine the association of miR-330-3p with distant relapse-free survival in the Oxford cohort of breast cancer patients. We also study miR-330-3p function using in vitro invasion and ex ovo metastasis assays. Using in vitro luciferase assays, we validate a novel target gene for miR-330-3p, Collagen And Calcium Binding EGF Domains 1 (CCBE1). We assess functional consequences of CCBE1 loss by using siRNA-mediated knockdown followed by in vitro invasion assays. Lastly, we examine the expression profile of CCBE1 in breast carcinomas in the Curtis and TCGA Breast Cancer data sets using Oncomine Platform as well as distant relapse-free and overall survival of patients in the Helsinki University breast cancer data set according to CCBE1 expression status.miR-330-3p is enriched in breast cancer, and higher levels of miR-330-3p expression are associated with lower distant relapse-free survival in a cohort of breast cancer patients. Consistent with these observations, overexpression of miR-330-3p in breast cancer cell lines results in greater invasiveness in vitro, and miR-330-3p-overexpressing cells also metastasise more aggressively ex ovo. We identify CCBE1 as a direct target of miR-330-3p, and show that knockdown of CCBE1 results in a greater invasive capacity. Accordingly, in breast cancer patients CCBE1 is frequently downregulated, and its loss is associated with reduced distant relapse-free and overall survival.We show for the first time that miR-330-3p targets CCBE1 to promote invasion and metastasis. miR-330-3p and CCBE1 may represent promising biomarkers in breast cancer.