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Prebiotic Properties of Non-Fructosylated ?-Galactooligosaccharides from PEA (Pisum sativum L.) Using Infant Fecal Slurries.

ABSTRACT: The interest for naturally-occurring oligosaccharides from plant origin having prebiotic properties is growing, with special focus being paid to supplemented products for infants. Currently, non-fructosylated ?-galactooligosaccharides (?-GOS) from peas have peaked interest as a result of their prebiotic activity in adults and their mitigated side-effects on gas production from colonic bacterial fermentation. In this study, commercially available non-fructosylated ?-GOS from peas and ?-galactooligosaccharides (?-GOS) derived from lactose were fermented using fecal slurries from children aged 11 to 24 months old during 6 and 24 h. The modulatory effect of both GOS on different bacterial groups and bifidobacteria species was assessed; non-fructosylated ?-GOS consumption was monitored throughout the fermentation process and the amounts of lactic acid and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) generated were analyzed. Non-fructosylated ?-GOS, composed mainly of manninotriose and verbascotetraose and small amounts of melibiose, were fully metabolized and presented remarkable bifidogenic activity, similar to that obtained with ?-GOS. Furthermore, non-fructosylated ?-GOS selectively caused an increase on the population of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum and Bifidobacterium catenulatum/pseudo-catenulatum. In conclusion, non-fructosylated ?-GOS could be used as potential ingredient in infant formula supplemented with prebiotic oligosaccharides.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7405007 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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