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Identifying Microvascular and Neural Parameters Related to the Severity of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

ABSTRACT: Purpose:To identify microvascular and neural parameters related to the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) by using optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods:This cross-sectional study included 110 eyes (63 patients) with no DR, 46 eyes (33 patients) with mild nonproliferative DR, 36 eyes (23 patients) with moderate nonproliferative DR, 36 eyes (22 patients) with severe nonproliferative DR, and 31 eyes (19 patients) with proliferative DR. The optical coherence tomography angiography images were processed to quantify the foveal avascular zone parameters, macular vessel density (VD), retinal thickness, peripapillary VD, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and ganglion cell complex thickness. A LASSO-based continuation ratio model was used to select the most clinically relevant parameters for predicting the stage of DR. Results:The regression model identified a set of regional parameters for each scanning pattern that identified the DR severity, including foveal avascular zone perimeter; FD-300; temporal perifoveal superficial capillary plexus VD and retinal thickness; temporal and nasal parafoveal deep capillary plexus VD; peripapillary VD in the temporal superior, nasal inferior, and temporal inferior sectors; temporal superior and nasal inferior retinal nerve fiber layer thickness; ganglion cell complex thickness; and FLV, which changed significantly with the progression of DR. Furthermore, two combined blocks exhibited different sensitive parameters to differentiate between the groups based on DR severity. Similar results were obtained in eyes without diabetic macular edema. Conclusions:We identified microvascular and neural parameters related to the severity of DR using optical coherence tomography angiography, suggesting their potential clinical application for better screening and staging of DR.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7405728 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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