Investigation of IL-4, IL-10, and HVEM polymorphisms with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a case-control study involving 1929 participants.
ABSTRACT: It is believed that an individual's hereditary factors may be involved in the development of esophageal cancer (EC). The present study recruited 721 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cases and 1208 controls and explored the roles of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-10, and herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM) genes in contributing to ESCC risk. IL-4, IL-10, and HVEM SNPs were analyzed by employing an SNPscan method. After adjustment for body mass index (BMI), smoking, drinking, age and gender, we identified that the rs2070874 T>C locus in IL-4 gene decreased the risk of ESCC (CC vs. TT: P=0.008; CC vs. TT/TC: P=0.010). After a stratified analysis, we suggested that the IL-4 rs2070874 T>C variants might be a protective factor for ESCC in male, ?63 years old, never smoking, drinking and BMI < 24 kg/m2 subgroups. In addition, we identified that the rs2243263 G>C polymorphism in IL-4 gene was a risk factor for ESCC development in the BMI ? 24 kg/m2 subgroup (GC vs. GG: P=0.030 and GC/CC vs. GG: P=0.018). We identified an association of the IL-4 rs2070874 T>C SNP with the decreased susceptibility of ESCC in stage I/II subgroup. Finally, we found an association of the IL-10 rs1800872 T>G SNP with a worse differentiation (TG vs. TT: P=0.048 and GG/TG vs. TT: P=0.032). In conclusion, the findings indicate a potential importance of IL-4 rs2070874 T>C, IL-4 rs2243263 G>C and IL-10 rs1800872 T>G SNPs in the development of ESCC.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7419785 | BioStudies |