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Effect of endometrial thickness and embryo quality on live-birth rate of fresh IVF/ICSI cycles: a retrospective cohort study.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Successful implantation and delivery require both the functional embryo and receptive endometrium in assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. However, little is known about embryo-endometrial interaction on live-birth. We aimed to investigate the independent effect and interaction of endometrial thickness (EMT) and embryo quality on live-birth in fresh embryo transfer (ET) cycles. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective cohort study including 15,012 ART cycles between 2013 and 2016 in three centers in China. Poisson regression with generalized estimating equations was employed to calculate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We estimated the interaction of embryo quality and EMT on live-birth rate (LBR). RESULTS:The LBR per cycle was 42.8% overall. LBR increased with increasing EMT and reached a plateau (50.6 to 54.2%) when EMT was 11?mm or thicker. Embryo quality represented by cumulative score was associated with LBR independently of number of embryos transferred and EMT. LBR was not increased with thicker EMT when only Q1 cleavage-stage embryo transferred (aRR 0.95, 95%CI 0.61-1.46). LBR was not increased significantly with thicker EMT with transfer of two good-quality cleavage-stage embryos and any blastocyst combination except Q1 group. There was significant interaction between EMT and embryo quality on LBR for cleavage-stage ETs (P=0.023). CONCLUSIONS:This study demonstrated the nonlinear EMT-LBR association and the EMT cut-off value of 11?mm which may be of more clinical significance for predicting live-birth. Embryo quality is an independent prognostic tool for LBR. Our finding of significant embryo-endometrial interaction indicates combination of EMT and embryos quality might improve the prognostic value in clinical practice for live-birth in patients undergoing transfer of 1-2 fresh cleavage-stage embryos.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7441697 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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