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ARNTL2 promotes pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma progression through TGF/BETA pathway and is regulated by miR-26a-5p.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies and the therapeutic outcomes remain undesirable. Increasing evidence shows that aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator like 2 (ARNTL2) plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis of multiple tumors. However, the expression status and functions of ARNTL2 in PDAC remain elusive. Here we showed that ARNTL2 expression was markedly upregulated in PDAC tissues and cell lines. elevated expression of ARNTL2 was positively related to unfavorable prognosis. Knockdown of ARNTL2 could suppress motility and invasive ability of PDAC cells in vitro, as well as tumor development in vivo. In addition, microRNA-26a-5p (miR-26a-5p) was identified as the crucial specific arbitrator for ARNTL2 expression and the expression of miR-26a-5p was inversely correlated with ARNTL2 expression in PDAC tissues. Functionally, elevated expression of miR-26a-5p was found to inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of PDAC cells in vitro, while ARNTL2 increased expression could partially abolish the suppressive effect of miR-26a-5p. Mechanism study indicated that elevated expression of miR-26a-5p suppressed TGF/BETA signaling pathway by targeting ARNTL2 in PDAC cells. In conclusion, our data suggested that ARNTL2 acted as an oncogene to regulate PDAC growth. MiR-26a-5p/ARNTL2 axis may be a novel therapeutic candidate target in PDAC treatment.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7443143 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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