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Knockdown of Long Non-Coding RNA HOTAIR Suppresses Cisplatin Resistance, Cell Proliferation, Migration and Invasion of DDP-Resistant NSCLC Cells by Targeting miR-149-5p/Doublecortin-Like Kinase 1 Axis.

ABSTRACT: Background:Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOTAIR has been reported to be associated with cisplatin (DDP) resistance in different human cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the mechanism of HOTAIR in cisplatin resistance of NSCLC remains largely undefined. Materials and Methods:Expression of HOTAIR, miR-149-5p and doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) was detected using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. Cisplatin resistance was determined with cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assay and transwell assays in vitro, and xenograft tumor models in vivo. The target binding between miR-149-5p and either HOTAIR or DCLK1 was predicted on Diana Tools website, and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation. Results:Expression of HOTAIR was upregulated in DDP-resistant NSCLC tumor tissues and cell lines (A549/DDP and H1299/DDP). Knockdown of HOTAIR decreased the acquired cisplatin resistance of A549/DDP and H1299/DDP cells, as evidenced by attenuated 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of DDP, cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, as well as tumor growth inhibition in vivo. Mechanically, HOTAIR negatively regulated miR-149-5p expression via targeting, and DCLK1 was a downstream target for miR-149-5p. DCLK1 was indirectly regulated by HOTAIR in DDP-resistant NSCLC cells as well. Functionally, miR-149-5p deletion could counteract the inhibitory effect of HOTAIR knockdown on cisplatin resistance; contrarily, restoring miR-149-5p exhibited the similar inhibition on cisplatin resistance in DDP-resistant cells in vitro, which was then abated by DCLK1 upregulation. Conclusion:Knockdown of HOTAIR enhances DDP-resistant NSCLC cells to overcome cisplatin resistance partially via regulating miR-149-5p/DCLK1 axis.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7455504 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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