Circ-ZNF609 Accelerates the Radioresistance of Prostate Cancer Cells by Promoting the Glycolytic Metabolism Through miR-501-3p/HK2 Axis.
ABSTRACT: Background:The development of radioresistance remains the obstacle for prostate cancer (PCa) treatment. Here, we explored the role and potential mechanism of circular RNA zinc finger protein 609 (circ-ZNF609) in the radioresistance of PCa cells. Materials and Methods:Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of circ-ZNF609, microRNA-501-3p (miR-501-3p) and hexokinase 2 (HK2) messenger RNA (mRNA). The viability, apoptosis, metastasis and radioresistance of PCa cells were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, transwell assays and colony formation assay. The glycolytic rate was assessed through measuring the glucose consumption and lactate production using fluorescence-based glucose and lactate assay kits. The target interaction between miR-501-3p and circ-ZNF609 or HK2 was predicted by StarBase software and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. The protein level of HK2 was detected by Western blot assay. In vivo tumor growth assay was used to explore the role of circ-ZNF609 in the radioresistance of PCa in vivo. Results:Circ-ZNF609 was abnormally up-regulated in PCa tissues and cell lines. Circ-ZNF609 silencing hampered the viability, metastasis, radioresistance and promoted the apoptosis through suppressing cell glycolysis. MiR-501-3p was a direct target of circ-ZNF609, and si-circ-ZNF609-induced influence in PCa cells was partly alleviated by the addition of anti-miR-501-3p. MiR-501-3p functioned through directly interacting with and down-regulating HK2. HK2 was modulated by circ-ZNF609/miR-501-3p axis in PCa cells. Circ-ZNF609 silencing enhanced the radiosensitivity of PCa cells in vivo. Conclusion:Circ-ZNF609 promoted the progression and radioresistance of PCa cells through accelerating the glycolysis via miR-501-3p/HK2 axis, providing promising targets for improving the prognosis of PCa patients.
Project description:Background:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to act as the important regulators in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). CircRNA ZNF609 (circ-ANF609) and miR-188 have been, respectively, reported to play a pro-cancer and anti-cancer role in NPC. The purpose of this study is to reveal the functional relation of circ-ZNF609 and miR-188 in NPC development. Methods:The transcription level and protein level of genes were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assay, respectively. Cell proliferation was analyzed using 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis was used to assess cell cycle transition and cell apoptosis rate. Besides, the interaction between miR-188 and circ-ZNF609 or E74-like factor 2 (ELF2) was predicted by starbase or microT-CDS, and then confirmed by the dual luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay. Results:Circ-ZNF609 and ELF2 levels were increased and miR-188 level was decreased in NPC. Circ-ZNF609 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation and cell cycle transition, as well as accelerated apoptosis in NPC cells. Interestingly, circ-ZNF609 directly bound to miR-188. Circ-ZNF609 regulated NPC cell growth through modulating miR-188 expression. In addition, miR-188 suppressed NPC cell growth via directly targeting ELF2. Finally, we confirmed that circ-ZNF609 mediated miR-188 level to modulate ELF2 expression. Conclusion:Our findings demonstrated that circ-ZNF609 depletion-repressed proliferation and cell cycle transition, and induced apoptosis of NPC cells via modulation of miR-188/ELF2 axis, providing potential targets for the therapy of NPC.
Project description:Background:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a crucial role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the role of exosomal circRNAs in HCC is still largely unknown. We aimed to explore the function of exosomal circ-ZNF652 in HCC. Methods:The morphology and size of exosomes were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). The expression of circ-ZNF652, ZNF652 mRNA, microRNA-29a-3p (miR-29a-3p) and guanylyl cyclase domain containing 1 (GUCD1) mRNA was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein levels of CD63, CD81, hexokinase 2 (HK2) and GUCD1 were examined via Western blot assay. The stability of circ-ZNF652 was examined by RNase R digestion assay. Cell proliferation was analyzed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell migration and invasion were assessed by transwell assay. The glycolysis level was detected via specific kits. The association between miR-29a-3p and circ-ZNF652 or GUCD1 was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. A murine xenograft model was constructed to explore the effect of circ-ZNF652 in vivo. Results:Exosomal circ-ZNF652 was upregulated in HCC patients' serums and HCC cells. Exosomal circ-ZNF652 could transfer to HCC cells, and circ-ZNF652 silencing suppressed HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis. Circ-ZNF652 was a sponge of miR-29a-3p, and the inhibitory effect of circ-ZNF652 silencing on HCC cell progression was weakened by miR-29a-3p inhibitor. GUCD1 was a target gene of miR-29a-3p, and GUCD1 overexpression restored the effect of miR-29a-3p on HCC cell development. Moreover, circ-ZNF652 knockdown repressed tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion:Exosomal circ-ZNF652 contributes to HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis by miR-29a-3p/GUCD1 axis.
Project description:Circular RNA mediator of cell motility 1 (circ-MEMO1) was identified as an oncogene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the working mechanism behind circ-MEMO1-mediated progression of NSCLC is barely known. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the expression of circ-MEMO1, microRNA-101-3p (miR-101-3p), and KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS). Cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis were detected by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and glycolysis detection kits. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell cycle progression and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Western blot assay was used to measure the protein expression of hexokinase 2 (HK2), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), KRAS, CD9, CD81, tumor susceptibility 101 (TSG101), and Golgi matrix protein 130 kDa (GM130). The target relationship between miR-101-3p and circ-MEMO1 or KRAS was predicted by StarBase software and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and RNA-pull down assay. In vivo tumor growth assay was conducted to assess the effect of circ-MEMO1 in vivo. Exosomes were isolated using the ExoQuick precipitation kit. Circ-MEMO1 was up-regulated in NSCLC, and high expression of circ-MEMO1 predicted poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. Circ-MEMO1 accelerated the proliferation, cell cycle progression, and glycolytic metabolism and inhibited the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Circ-MEMO1 negatively regulated the expression of miR-101-3p through direct interaction, and si-circ-MEMO1-induced biological effects were attenuated by the introduction of anti-miR-101-3p. MiR-101-3p directly interacted with the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of KRAS messenger RNA (mRNA), and KRAS level was regulated by circ-MEMO1/miR-101-3p axis. Circ-MEMO1 silencing suppressed the NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. ROC curve analysis revealed that high expression of serum exosomal circ-MEMO1 (exo-circ-MEMO1) might be a valuable diagnostic marker for NSCLC. Circ-MEMO1 facilitated the progression and glycolysis of NSCLC through regulating miR-101-3p/KRAS axis.
Project description:Abnormal circular RNA (circRNA) expression correlates with human traits such as many kinds of cancers. Though circRNAs have links to cancer, they have less characterization in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa), which is main reason for PCa mortality. Therefore, high-throughput sequencing was used for selected circRNA profiles. The result showed that circ-TRPS1 was upregulated significantly in high-grade PCa tissues or cell lines. High circ-TRPS1 expression correlated to aggressive PCa phenotypes. Knockdown of circ-TRPS1 suppressed PCa proliferation and metastasis through targeting miR-124-3p/EZH2 axis-mediated stemness in PCa, which was validated by luciferase reporter assays. EZH2 overexpression or miR-124-3p inhibition reversed the inhibition of circ-TRPS1 silencing in PCa cell migration and proliferation by recovering stemness. In summary, data demonstrated that circ-TRPS1 suppressed PCa progression through functioning similar to a miR-124-3p sponge to enhance EZH2 expression and cancer stem-like cell differentiation. Thus, circ-TRPS1 might be a candidate target for PCa treatment.
Project description:Accumulating data indicated that circRNA plays important roles in regulating many biological processes of the tumor, the present study is designated for exploring roles of the circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 regulating axis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The regulation axis as predicted by using online tool circNet, the expression and correlation of circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 was verified in human HCC. The diagnostic value of both tumor and serum circ-ZEB1.33 was estimated by using clinical samples. The roles of circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 in regulating cell cycle were explored by using in vitro studies.Overexpression of circ-ZEB1.33 and CDK6, downregulation of miR-200a-3p were detected in human HCC tissues, negative correlation between circ-ZEB1.33 and miR-200a-3p, positive correlation between circ-ZEB1.33 and CDK6 were confirmed in human HCC tissues. Tissue and serum circ-ZEB1.33 were related to different TMN stages and prognosis in HCC patients. RNA pull-down assay implied that circ-ZEB1.33 could decrease miR-200a-3p by sponging miR-200a-3p, and the luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-200a-3p could downregulate CDK6 transcription by targeting its 3'UTR. The in vitro assays indicated that circ-ZEB1.33 could promote the proliferation of HCC cells by increasing the percentage of S phase regulated by CDK6/Rb.Proliferation promotion roles of the circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 regulating axis are existed and verified in human HCC, both tumor and serum circ-ZEB1.33 can serve as an indicator for the prognosis of HCC patients.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common ovarian malignant cancer. Circular RNA is a type of endogenous noncoding RNA and is considered as a novel regulatory molecule in the development and progression of tumors. This study investigated the expression and functions of a circular RNA, circular-phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (circ-PGAM1), in EOC tissues and cells. METHODS:The expression of circ-PGAM1 and miR-542-3p in EOC was analyzed using quantitative RT-PCR. Immunohistochemistry and western blot were performed to confirm the localization and expression of cell division cycle 5-like (CDC5L) and pseudopodium enriched atypical kinase 1 (PEAK1) in EOC tissues. Cell lines (CAOV3 and OVCAR3) overexpressing or silencingcirc-PGAM1 and miR-542-3p were established to explore the functions of circ-PGAM1 and miR-542-3p in ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to study the interactions between circ-PGAM1 and miR-542-3p and between miR-542-3p and CDC5L. CCK-8, transwell, and flow cytometry were used to study the effect of circ-PGAM1 and miR-542-3p on cell biological behaviors including proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis. The interaction between CDC5L and the PEAK1 gene promoter was confirmed using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). RESULTS:Circ-PGAM1 was upregulated in EOC tissues, whereas linear PGAM1 was not deregulated in EOC tissues. Silencing of circ-PAGM1 inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells and promoted cell apoptosis. MiR-542-3p was downregulated in EOC tissues, and miR-542-3p overexpression inhibited malignant progression of ovarian cancer cells. Circ-PGAM1 directly interacted with miR-542-3p, with mutual negative feedback between them. CDC5L was a direct target of miR-542-3p and played an oncogenic role in ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, the CDC5L protein binds directly to the PEAK1 promoter to promote its transcription. PEAK1 overexpression activated ERK1/2 and JAK2 signaling pathways and promoted malignant biological behaviors of ovarian cancer cells. Circ-PAGM1 silencing combined with miR-542-3p overexpression played the greatest anticancer role in vivo. CONCLUSION:The circ-PGAM1/miR-542-3p/CDC5L/PEAK1 pathway played an important role in the progression of ovarian cancer and might be a novel therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.
Project description:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a class of covalently closed RNAs, derived from non-canonical splicing events, which are expressed in all eukaryotes and often conserved among different species. We previously showed that the circRNA originating from the ZNF609 locus (circ-ZNF609) acts as a crucial regulator of human primary myoblast growth: indeed, the downregulation of the circRNA, and not of its linear counterpart, strongly reduced the proliferation rate of in vitro cultured myoblasts. To deepen our knowledge about circ-ZNF609 role in cell cycle regulation, we studied its expression and function in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a pediatric skeletal muscle malignancy. We found that circ-ZNF609 is upregulated in biopsies from the two major RMS subtypes, embryonal (ERMS) and alveolar (ARMS). Moreover, we discovered that in an ERMS-derived cell line circ-ZNF609 knock-down induced a specific block at the G1-S transition, a strong decrease of p-Akt protein level and an alteration of the pRb/Rb ratio. Regarding p-Akt, we were able to show that circ-ZNF609 acts by counteracting p-Akt proteasome-dependent degradation, thus working as a new regulator of cell proliferation-related pathways. As opposed to ERMS-derived cells, the circRNA depletion had no cell cycle effects in ARMS-derived cells. Since in these cells the p53 gene resulted downregulated, with a concomitant upregulation of its cell cycle-related target genes, we suggest that this could account for the lack of circ-ZNF609 effect in ARMS.
Project description:Researches have pointed that piplartine inhibits the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, however, the underlying mechanisms has not been well defined. Currently, more and more studies have pointed out that circRNAs can regulate tumor cell proliferation, involve in the tumorigenesis mechanism of various tumors. In this study, we explored whether piplartine may participate in the development of HCC through the regulation of ability of HCC cell proliferation by circRNA. Based on the chip analysis, we selected candidate circRNAs that are highly correlated with HCC. CircRNA expression in OSCC cells treated with piplartine was detected by qRT-PCR. We found that only the expression of hsa_circ_100338 (circ-100338) was observably reduced. The expression characteristics of circ-100338 in HCC cell lines were also verified by qRT-PCR. Subsequently, whether or notcirc-100338 can regulate ZEB1 via competitively binding to miR-141-3p was determined by the RIP assay and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The effect of the circ-100338/miR-141-3p/ZEB1 axis on the proliferation of HCC cell was tested by EdU and CCK-8 assay. Results showed that circ-100338 expression was observably increased in HCC cell lines. Simultaneously, circ-100338 can regulate the expression of ZEB1by competitively binding to miR-141-3p. Moreover high expression of circ-100338 can stimulate the proliferation of HCC cells. Our current study revealed that circ-100338 played as a ceRNA in promoting the progression of HCC by sponging miR-141-3p, while piplartine can participate in the development of HCC by inhibiting the expression of circ-100338.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors globally. Angiogenesis is a key event maintaining tumor cell survival and aggressiveness. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), one of the most significant tumor cell-secreted proangiogenic factors, is frequently upregulated in CRC. METHODS:The MTT assay was used to detect the viability of CRC cells. Transwell assays were performed to detect the invasion capacity of target cells. Relative protein levels were determined by immunoblotting. Pathological characteristics of tissues were detected by H&E staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. A RIP assay was conducted to validate the predicted binding between genes. RESULTS:We observed that circ-001971 expression was dramatically increased in CRC tissue samples and cells. Circ-001971 knockdown suppressed the capacity of CRC cells to proliferate and invade and HUVEC tube formation in vitro, as well as tumor growth in mice bearing SW620 cell-derived tumors in vivo. The expression of circ-001971 and VEGFA was dramatically increased whereas the expression of miR-29c-3p was reduced in tumor tissue samples. Circ-001971 relieved miR-29c-3p-induced inhibition of VEGFA by acting as a ceRNA, thereby aggravating the proliferation, invasion and angiogenesis of CRC. Consistent with the above findings, the expression of VEGFA was increased, whereas the expression of miR-29c-3p was decreased in tumor tissue samples. miR-29c-3p had a negative correlation with both circ-001971 and VEGFA, while circ-001971 was positively correlated with VEGFA. CONCLUSIONS:In conclusion, the circ-001971/miR-29c-3p axis modulated CRC cell proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis by targeting VEGFA.
Project description:The occurrence of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) increases hospital stay and mortality. MicroRNAs has a crucial role in AKI. This objective of the current study is to explore the function of hsa-miR-494-3p in inflammatory response in human kidney tubular epithelial (HK2) cells with hypoxia/reoxygenation. According to KDIGO standard, patients after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were divided into two groups: AKI (n?=?10) and non-AKI patients (n?=?8). HK2 were raised in the normal and hypoxia/reoxygenation circumstances and mainly treated by overexpression ofmiR-494-3p and HtrA3. The relationship between miR-494-3p and HtrA3 was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Our result showed that Hsa-miR-494-3p was elevated in the serum of patients with CSA-AKI, and also induced in hypoxic reoxygenated HK2 cells. Hsa-miR-494-3p also increased a hypoxia-reoxygenation induced inflammatory response in HK2 cells. Moreover, as a target gene of miR-494-3p, overexpression of HtrA3 downregulated the hypoxia-reoxygenation induced inflammatory response in HK2 cells. Overexpression of hsa-miR-494-3p-induced inflammatory response was inhibited by overexpression of HtrA3. Collectively, we identified that hsa-miR-494-3p, a miRNA induced in both circulation of AKI patients and hypoxia-reoxygenation-treated HK2 cells, enhanced renal inflammation by targeting HtrA3, which may suggest a possible role as a new therapeutic target for CSA-AKI.