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Effects of Mechanical Dyssynchrony on Coronary Flow: Insights From a Computational Model of Coupled Coronary Perfusion With Systemic Circulation.


ABSTRACT: Mechanical dyssynchrony affects left ventricular (LV) mechanics and coronary perfusion. Due to the confounding effects of their bi-directional interactions, the mechanisms behind these changes are difficult to isolate from experimental and clinical studies alone. Here, we develop and calibrate a closed-loop computational model that couples the systemic circulation, LV mechanics, and coronary perfusion. The model is applied to simulate the impact of mechanical dyssynchrony on coronary flow in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and left circumflex artery (LCX) territories caused by regional alterations in perfusion pressure and intramyocardial pressure (IMP). We also investigate the effects of regional coronary flow alterations on regional LV contractility in mechanical dyssynchrony based on prescribed contractility-flow relationships without considering autoregulation. The model predicts that LCX and LAD flows are reduced by 7.2%, and increased by 17.1%, respectively, in mechanical dyssynchrony with a systolic dyssynchrony index of 10% when the LAD's IMP is synchronous with the arterial pressure. The LAD flow is reduced by 11.6% only when its IMP is delayed with respect to the arterial pressure by 0.07 s. When contractility is sensitive to coronary flow, mechanical dyssynchrony can affect global LV mechanics, IMPs and contractility that in turn, further affect the coronary flow in a feedback loop that results in a substantial reduction of dP LV /dt, indicative of ischemia. Taken together, these findings imply that regional IMPs play a significant role in affecting regional coronary flows in mechanical dyssynchrony and the changes in regional coronary flow may produce ischemia when contractility is sensitive to the changes in coronary flow.

SUBMITTER: Fan L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7457036 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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