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Cholesterol as an Endogenous Ligand of ERR? Promotes ERR?-Mediated Cellular Proliferation and Metabolic Target Gene Expression in Breast Cancer Cells.

ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the 2nd leading cause of cancer-related death among women. Increased risk of breast cancer has been associated with high dietary cholesterol intake. However, the underlying mechanisms are not known. The nuclear receptor, estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERR?), plays an important role in breast cancer cell metabolism, and its overexpression has been linked to poor survival. Here we identified cholesterol as an endogenous ligand of ERR? by purification from human pregnancy serum using a GST-ERR? affinity column and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We show that cholesterol interacts with ERR? and induces its transcriptional activity in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. In addition, we show that cholesterol enhances ERR?-PGC-1? interaction, induces ERR? expression itself, augments several metabolic target genes of ERR?, and increases cell proliferation and migration in both ER+ and TNBC cells. Furthermore, the stimulatory effect of cholesterol on metabolic gene expression, cell proliferation, and migration requires the ERR? pathway. These findings provide a mechanistic explanation for the increased breast cancer risk associated with high dietary cholesterol and possibly the pro-survival effect of statins in breast cancer patients, highlighting the clinical relevance of lowering cholesterol levels in breast cancer patients overexpressing ERR?.

SUBMITTER: Ghanbari F 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7463712 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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