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Dynamics of Platelet Counts in Major Trauma: The Impact of Haemostatic Resuscitation and Effects of Platelet Transfusion-A Sub-Study of the Randomized Controlled RETIC Trial.


ABSTRACT: Although platelets play a central role in haemostasis, the dynamics of platelet counts during haemostatic resuscitation, the response to platelet transfusion, and effects on clinical outcome are poorly described for trauma patients. As a sub-study of the already published randomized controlled RETIC Study "Reversal of Trauma-induced Coagulopathy using First-line Coagulation Factor Concentrates or Fresh-Frozen Plasma" trial, we here analysed whether the type of first-line haemostatic resuscitation influences the frequency of platelet transfusion and determined the effects of platelet transfusion in coagulopathic patients with major trauma. Patients randomly received first-line plasma (FFP) or coagulation factor concentrates (CFC), mainly fibrinogen concentrate. In both groups, platelets were transfused to maintain platelet counts between 50 and 100 × 109 /L. Transfusion rates were significantly higher in the FFP (n = 44) vs. CFC (n = 50) group (FFP 47.7% vs. CFC 26%); p = 0.0335. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for the stratification variables injury severity score (ISS) and brain injury confirmed that first-line FFP therapy increases the odds for platelet transfusion (odds ratio (OR) 5.79 (1.89 to 20.62), p = 0.0036) and this effect was larger than a 16-point increase in ISS (OR 4.33 (2.17 to 9.74), p =0.0001). In conclusion, early fibrinogen supplementation exerted a platelet-saving effect while platelet transfusions did not substantially improve platelet count and might contribute to poor clinical outcome.

SUBMITTER: Tauber H 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7465283 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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