Dataset Information


Infant feeding knowledge and practice vary by maternal HIV status: a nested cohort study in rural South Africa.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:We investigate whether correct infant feeding knowledge and practice differ by maternal HIV status in an era of evolving clinical guidelines in rural South Africa. METHODS:This cohort study was nested within the MONARCH stepped-wedge cluster-randomised controlled trial ( www.clinicaltrials.gov : NCT02626351 ) which tested the impact of continuous quality improvement on antenatal care quality at seven primary care clinics in KwaZulu-Natal, from July 2015 to January 2017. Women aged ?18?years at delivery were followed up to 6 weeks postpartum. Clinical data were sourced from routine medical records at delivery. Structured interviews at early postnatal visits and the 6-week postnatal immunisation visit provided data on infant feeding knowledge and feeding practices respectively. We measured the relationship between maternal HIV status and (i) correct infant feeding knowledge at the early postnatal visit; and (ii) infant feeding practice at 6 weeks, using Poisson and multinomial regression models, respectively. RESULTS:We analysed data from 1693 women with early postnatal and 471 with 6-week postnatal interviews. HIV prevalence was 47% (95% confidence interval [CI] 42, 52%). Women living with HIV were more knowledgeable than women not living with HIV on correct infant feeding recommendations (adjusted risk ratio, aRR, 1.08, p?


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7466779 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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