Pathological Complete Response from Pyrotinib Combined with Trastuzumab, Paclitaxel and Cisplatin in a Postpartum Woman with HER2-Positive Locally Advanced Breast Cancer: A Case Report.
ABSTRACT: Background:Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is associated with aggressive disease and poor prognosis. Traditional HER2-targeted agents can improve clinical outcome and have played an essential role in therapy. Pyrotinib is a newly irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that is well developed for the treatment of HER2-positive advanced breast tumors. Case Presentation:A 37-year-old postpartum female was presented at a local hospital and was diagnosed with HER2-positive stage IIIB (cT4N1M0) invasive micropapillary adenocarcinoma in the left breast with left axillary metastatic lymph nodes. The patient failed to respond to two cycles of the doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide (AC) regimen but achieved clinical partial response (cPR) after 4 cycles of the combination of pyrotinib, trastuzumab, paclitaxel and cisplatin (PTPC) regimen according to radiologic assessments. Then, she underwent left-side modified radical mastectomy (MRM) and achieved pathologic complete response (pCR), as confirmed by postoperative pathology. The patient held on receiving 2 cycles of the targeted therapy plus chemotherapy with trastuzumab, paclitaxel plus cisplatin (TPC) and adjuvant radiation therapy but continued to receive targeted therapy with trastuzumab and pertuzumab during the 1-year follow-up period. There has been no clinical evidence of disease progression so far. Conclusion:Breast cancer overexpressing HER2 is a malignant tumor responsible for many cancer-related deaths. The combination of pyrotinib plus other targeted chemotherapy can dramatically improve the outcome of locally advanced disease.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Several human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted regimens (anti-HER2 target agent combined chemotherapy) have been introduced for the treatment of HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer progressed after trastuzumab. We therefore conducted a network meta-analysis to compare and rank HER2-targeted regimens in this population after trastuzumab therapy.<h4>Methods</h4>The electronic databases of PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the websites of http://clinicaltrials.gov/ (US NIH) were systematically searched for published and unpublished randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from their inception to October, 2020. Nine treatment regimens were eligible to be included in this analysis. The primary outcomes were overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), while the secondary outcomes were grade ?3 adverse events.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 2,104 citations were identified and 12 RCTs comprising 3,769 patients were selected for final analysis. For HER2 positive unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic patients progressed after trastuzumab therapy pyrotinib plus capecitabine ranked the highest surface under the cumulative ranking area (SUCRA) in PFS, ORR and its SUCRA in OS was higher than Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1). T-DM1 plus atezolizumab, pyrotinib plus capecitabine, and pertuzumab plus trastuzumab plus capecitabine had comparable SUCRA in OS (76.1% <i>vs.</i> 74.5% <i>vs.</i> 71.2%). Six of included studies reported any grade ?3 adverse events, the prevalence of any grade ?3 adverse events in lapatinib plus capecitabine (353/683), T-DM1 (213/558), trastuzumab plus capecitabine (130/218), pertuzumab plus trastuzumab plus capecitabine (118/228), pyrotinib plus capecitabine (220/384), T-DM1 plus atezolizumab (43/132) and capecitabine (24/94) were 51.7%, 38.2%, 59.6%, 51.8%, 57.3%, 32.6% and 25.5%, respectively. Specific adverse event characteristics related to different HER2-targeted regimens need to be well known ahead and managed during the therapy.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The results indicated that for HER2 positive breast cancer with previous trastuzumab therapy pyrotinib plus capecitabine was probably more efficacious in PFS and ORR. T-DM1 plus atezolizumab, pyrotinib plus capecitabine and pertuzumab plus trastuzumab plus capecitabine have comparable effect on OS improvement and all of them were likely better than T-DM1. The risk of grade ?3 adverse events for specific treatment regimens were also provided.
Project description:Background:Continuous therapy targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is recommended until disease progression for patients with HER2-overexpressing (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer. Prolonged stable disease has been observed with such maintenance therapy using trastuzumab, but the frequency of these cases remains low. Whether combined maintenance therapy with two different HER2-targeted agents could improve the rates of durable progression-free survival compared with trastuzumab alone is under investigation. Objectives:To evaluate the efficacy of the combined HER2-targeted agents, trastuzumab and lapatinib, as maintenance therapy in one patient. Methods:We describe a patient with HER2+, hormone receptor-negative, inflammatory metastatic breast cancer who was previously treated with doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and zoledronic acid followed by paclitaxel and trastuzumab. After completion, the patient underwent a bilateral mastectomy and then enrolled into a Phase III open-label clinical trial of trastuzumab plus lapatinib. Results:The patient experienced long-term stable disease on combined lapatinib and trastuzumab maintenance therapy over 4 years. Conclusions:This case demonstrates that prolonged stable disease is possible with lapatinib plus trastuzumab, even in patients with the aggressive inflammatory subtype. Optimization of maintenance therapy could improve outcomes for patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer.
Project description:BACKGROUND:HER2 dual-blockade combined with aromatase inhibitors (AI) is a promising strategy to improve progression-free survival (PFS) in hormone receptor (HR) positive, metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Pyrotinib is a novel irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor/HER2 dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor. However, there is scarcity of data on the effectiveness and safety of pyrotinib combined with trastuzumab and AI as first-line treatment in a metastatic setting. METHODS/DESIGN:The present study is a prospective, randomized, open-label trial. 198 patients with HER2+/HR+ MBC will be recruited. Eligible patients will be allocated (2:1) to either an experimental group (pyrotinib + trastuzumab + AI) or a control group (trastuzumab + AI). Allocation will be stratified by 1) time since adjuvant hormone therapy (? 12?months/> 12?months/no prior hormone therapy); 2) lesion sites (visceral / non-visceral). The primary endpoint is PFS. DISCUSSION:To our knowledge, this is the first prospective randomized controlled trial to assess dual HER2-blockade with pyrotinib in the metastatic setting. This study will provide valuable evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of pyrotinib when combined with trastuzumab and an AI as first-line treatment for MBC. Moreover, it will also evaluate the feasibility of endocrine therapy as an alternative to chemotherapy in providing de-escalation therapy with less toxicity for advanced HR+/HER2+ patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT03910712 . Registered on 10 Apr. 2019.
Project description:Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody targeted against the HER2 tyrosine kinase receptor. Although trastuzumab is a very active agent in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, the majority of patients with metastatic HER2-overexpressing breast cancer who initially respond to trastuzumab develop resistance within 1 year of initiation of treatment and, in the adjuvant setting, progress despite trastuzumab-based therapy. The antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab-DM1 (T-DM1) was designed to combine the biological activity of trastuzumab with the targeted delivery of a highly potent antimicrotubule agent, DM1 (N-methyl-N-[3-mercapto-1-oxopropyl]-l-alanine ester of maytansinol), a maytansine derivative, to HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells. T-DM1 is the first antibody-drug conjugate with a nonreducible thioether linker in clinical trials. Phase I and II clinical trials of T-DM1 as a single agent and in combination with paclitaxel, docetaxel and pertuzumab have shown clinical activity and a favorable safety profile in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Two randomized phase III trials of T-DM1 are awaiting final results; the EMILIA trial is evaluating T-DM1 compared with lapatinib plus capecitabine, and early positive results have been reported. The MARIANNE trial is evaluating T-DM1 plus placebo versus T-DM1 plus pertuzumab versus trastuzumab plus a taxane. Here, we summarize evidence from clinical studies and discuss the potential clinical implications of T-DM1.
Project description:Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein overexpression or gene amplification is an important predictive biomarker for identifying patients with breast cancer, who may benefit from HER2-targeted therapy. However, little is known about the molecular landscape and efficacy of HER2-targeted therapy in patients with HER2-mutated metastatic breast cancer. We analysed the HER2 mutation features of 1184 patients with invasive breast cancer. In addition, a single-arm, prospective, phase-II study (NCT03412383) of pyrotinib was conducted in patient with metastatic HER2 amplification-negative, mutation-positive breast cancer. Peripheral blood was collected from each patient and circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) sequencing was performed using a 1021 gene panel. HER2 mutations were detected in 8.9% (105/1184) of patients. The HER2 amplification-positive patients had a higher mutation frequency than the HER2 amplification-negative patients (19.5% vs. 4.8%, P?<?0.001). A multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that patients with HER2 mutations had a shorter progression-free survival (PFS) than HER2 wild-type patients (median PFS 4.7 months vs. 11.0 months, hazard ratio 2.65, 95% confidence interval 1.25-5.65, P?=?0.011). Ten HER2 amplification-negative, mutation-positive patients who received pyrotinib monotherapy were ultimately included in the efficacy analysis. The median PFS was 4.9 months. The objective response rate (complete response?+?partial response) was 40.0% and the clinical benefit rate (complete response?+?partial response?+?stable disease over 24 weeks) was 60%. In conclusion, a HER2 gene mutation analysis is potentially useful to identify biomarkers of trastuzumab resistance in HER2 amplification-positive patients. Patients with HER2-mutated, non-amplified metastatic breast cancers may benefit from pyrotinib.
Project description:PURPOSE:Pyrotinib is a newly-developed irreversible pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This study reported the first real-world data of pyrotinib-based therapy in metastatic human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (BC), focusing on efficacy in lapatinib-treated patients and in brain metastasis. Materials and Methods:One hundred thirteen patients with metastatic HER2-positive BC treated with pyrotinib-based therapy in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center under non-clinical trial settings from September 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 were included. RESULTS:Over half patients have received more than two lines of systematic therapy and exposed to two or more kinds of anti-HER2 agents. Most patients received a combined therapy, commonly of pyrotinib plus capecitabine, or vinorelbine or trastuzumab. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.3 months (range, 5.54 to 7.06 months) and objective response rate (ORR) was 29.5%, with two patients (1.9%) achieving complete response. Lapatinib-naïve patients had significantly longer PFS than lapatinib-treated patients (9.0 months vs. 5.4 months, p=0.001). ORR for lapatinib-treated patients was 23.2%. Thirty-one of 113 patients have brain metastasis. Median PFS was 6.7 months and intracranial ORR was 28%. For patients without concurrent radiotherapy and/or brain surgery, the ORR was very low (6.3%). But for patients receiving concurrent radiotherapy and/or brain surgery, the ORR was 66.7%, and three patients achieved complete response. Most common adverse event was diarrhea. CONCLUSION:Pyrotinib-based therapy demonstrated promising effects in metastatic HER2-positive BC and showed activity in lapatinib-treated patients. For patients with brain metastasis, pyrotinib-based regimen without radiotherapy showed limited efficacy, but when combined with radiotherapy it showed promising intracranial control.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This randomised, double-blind study compared PF-05280014 (a trastuzumab biosimilar) with reference trastuzumab (Herceptin®) sourced from the European Union (trastuzumab-EU), when each was given with paclitaxel as first-line treatment for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. METHODS:Between 4 April 2014 and 22 January 2016, 707 participants were randomised 1:1 to receive intravenous PF-05280014 plus paclitaxel (PF-05280014 group; n?=?352) or trastuzumab-EU plus paclitaxel (trastuzumab-EU group; n?=?355). PF-05280014 or trastuzumab-EU was administered weekly (first dose 4?mg/kg, subsequent doses 2?mg/kg), with the option to change to a 3-weekly regimen (6?mg/kg) from Week 33. Treatment with PF-05280014 or trastuzumab-EU could continue until disease progression. Paclitaxel (starting dose 80?mg/m2) was administered on Days 1, 8 and 15 of 28-day cycles for at least six cycles or until maximal benefit of response. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), evaluating responses achieved by Week 25 and confirmed by Week 33, based on blinded central radiology review. RESULTS:The risk ratio for ORR was 0.940 (95% CI: 0.842-1.049). The 95% CI fell within the pre-specified equivalence margin of 0.80-1.25. ORR was 62.5% (95% CI: 57.2-67.6%) in the PF-05280014 group and 66.5% (95% CI: 61.3-71.4%) in the trastuzumab-EU group. As of data cut-off on 11 January 2017 (using data up to 378 days post-randomisation), there were no notable differences between groups in progression-free survival (median: 12.16 months in the PF-05280014 group vs. 12.06 months in the trastuzumab-EU group; 1-year rate: 54% vs. 51%) or overall survival (median: not reached in either group; 1-year rate: 89.31% vs. 87.36%). Safety outcomes and immunogenicity were similar between the treatment groups. CONCLUSION:When given as first-line treatment for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, PF-05280014 plus paclitaxel demonstrated equivalence to trastuzumab-EU plus paclitaxel in terms of ORR. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01989676.
Project description:Lapatinib adds to the efficacy of trastuzumab in preclinical models and also in the neo-adjuvant setting. This study assesses the safety and feasibility of adding lapatinib to paclitaxel and trastuzumab (THL) as part of the adjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer (HER2+ BC). In this single-arm phase II study, patients with stages I-III HER2+ BC received standard anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by weekly taxane, with concurrent standard trastuzumab, plus daily lapatinib for a total of 12 months. The primary endpoint was symptomatic congestive heart failure, secondary endpoints included overall safety. A total of 109 eligible patients were enrolled. Median follow-up is 4.3 years. No patients experienced congestive heart failure while on treatment. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline and at the end of THL were 63.6 % (N = 109, SD = 5.7) and 59.8 % (N = 98, SD = 8.1), respectively [mean change -3.95 % (N = 98, SD = 8.3), p < 0.001]. One hundred and two patients initiated post-AC treatment; of them, 31 % experienced grade 3 (no G4) diarrhea with lapatinib at 750 mg/day. The addition of lapatinib to paclitaxel and trastuzumab following AC does not add cardiac toxicity. Lapatinib dose of 750 mg/day in combination with standard chemotherapy plus trastuzumab has acceptable overall tolerability.
Project description:Targeted therapies in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer significantly improve outcomes but efficacy is limited by therapeutic resistance. HER2 is an acutely sensitive Heat Shock Protein 90 (HSP90) client and HSP90 inhibition can overcome trastuzumab resistance. Preclinical data suggest that HSP90 inhibition is synergistic with taxanes with the potential for significant clinical activity. We therefore tested ganetespib, a HSP90 inhibitor, in combination with paclitaxel and trastuzumab in patients with trastuzumab-refractory HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer.In this phase I dose-escalation study, patients with trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer received weekly trastuzumab (2 mg/kg) and paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of a 28-day cycle with escalating doses of ganetespib (100 mg/m2, 150 mg/m2, and a third cohort of 125 mg/m2 if needed) on days 1, 8, and 15. Therapy was continued until disease progression or toxicity. The primary objective was to establish the safety and maximum tolerated dose and/or recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of this therapy. The secondary objectives included evaluation of the effects of ganetespib on the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel, and to make a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of the combination therapy.Dose escalation was completed for the two main cohorts without any observed dose-limiting toxicities. Nine patients received treatment. The median prior lines of anti-HER2 therapy numbered three (range 2-4), including prior pertuzumab in 9/9 patients and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in 8/9 patients. The most common grade 1/2 adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea, fatigue, anemia, and rash. There were no grade 4 AEs related to ganetespib. The overall response rate was 22% (2/9 patients had partial response) and stable disease was seen in 56% (5/9 patients). The clinical benefit rate was 44% (4/9 patients). The median progression-free survival was 20 weeks (range 8-55).The RP2D of ganetespib is 150 mg/m2 in combination with weekly paclitaxel plus trastuzumab. The combination was safe and well tolerated. Despite prior taxanes, pertuzumab, and T-DM1, clinical activity of this triplet regimen in this heavily pretreated cohort is promising and warrants further study in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02060253 . Registered 30 January 2014.
Project description:Background:Anti-HER2 therapies are associated with a risk of increased cardiac toxicity, particularly when part of anthracycline-containing regimens. We report cardiac safety of pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive early breast cancer. Patients and methods:BERENICE (NCT02132949) is a nonrandomized, phase II, open-label, multicenter, multinational study in patients with normal cardiac function. In the neoadjuvant period, cohort A patients received four cycles of dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, then 12 doses of standard paclitaxel plus four standard trastuzumab and pertuzumab cycles. Cohort B patients received four standard fluorouracil/epirubicin/cyclophosphamide cycles, then four docetaxel cycles with four standard trastuzumab and pertuzumab cycles. The primary end point was cardiac safety during neoadjuvant treatment, assessed by the incidence of New York Heart Association class III/IV heart failure and of left ventricular ejection fraction declines (?10 percentage-points from baseline and to a value of?<50%). The main efficacy end point was pathologic complete response (pCR, ypT0/is ypN0). Results are descriptive. Results:Safety populations were 199 and 198 patients in cohorts A and B, respectively. Three patients [1.5%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31% to 4.34%] in cohort A experienced four New York Heart Association class III/IV heart failure events. Thirteen patients (6.5%; 95% CI 3.5% to 10.9%) in cohort A and four (2.0%; 95% CI 0.6% to 5.1%) in cohort B experienced at least one left ventricular ejection fraction decline. No new safety signals were identified. pCR rates were 61.8% and 60.7% in cohorts A and B, respectively. The highest pCR rates were in the HER2-enriched PAM50 subtype (75.0% and 73.7%, respectively). Conclusion:Treatment with pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and common anthracycline-containing regimens for the neoadjuvant treatment of early breast cancer resulted in cardiac and general safety profiles, and pCR rates, consistent with prior studies with pertuzumab. Clinical Trial Information:NCT02132949.