Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Soluble Klotho Improves Hepatic Glucose and Lipid Homeostasis in Type 2 Diabetes.


ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the most escalating global metabolic diseases, which is highly associated with insulin resistance (IR) and risk of combination with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Previous studies suggest that soluble klotho (sKL) could serve as a circulating hormone to mediate energy metabolism, but the detailed mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, we generated T2D models of wild-type (WT), sKL heterozygous (KL +/-), and sKL transgenic (TgKL) mice continuously fed a high-fat diet (HFD) and constructed L02 cell lines that stably overexpress sKL to investigate the effect of sKL on hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. Surprisingly, we discovered that sKL deficiency resulted in exacerbated diabetic phenotypes and hepatic glucolipid metabolism disorders in HFD-fed KL +/- diabetic mice (KL +/- DM), whereas TgKL diabetic mice (TgKL DM) exhibited ameliorated diabetic phenotypes and decreased IR. Mechanistic studies in vitro and in vivo demonstrated that sKL could inhibit the PI3K/AKT/mTORC1 signaling to upregulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) expression by directly interacting with type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) in HFD-fed T2D mice. Thus, sKL could improve hepatic glucolipid homeostasis to ameliorate diabetic phenotypes and lipid accumulation and may function as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of T2D and reduce the risk of NAFLD.

SUBMITTER: Gu H 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7479259 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7076741 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4874867 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5665667 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5040442 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4201275 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6582600 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6646911 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4382255 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5523402 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6081551 | BioStudies