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Identification of second primary tumors from lung metastases in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma using whole-exome sequencing.


ABSTRACT: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with a synchronous or metachronous lung tumor can be diagnosed with lung metastasis (LM) or a second primary tumor (SPT), but the accurate discrimination between LM and SPT remains a clinical dilemma. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using the whole-exome sequencing (WES) technique to distinguish SPT from LM. Methods: We performed WES on 40 tumors from 14 patients, including 12 patients with double squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the esophagus and lung (lymph node metastases were sequenced as internal controls) diagnosed as LM according to pathological information and 2 patients with paired primary ESCC and non-lung metastases examined as external controls. Results: Shared genomic profiles between esophageal (T) and lung (D) tumors were observed in 7 patients, suggesting their clonal relatedness, thus indicating that the lung tumors of these patients should be LM. However, distinct genomic profiles between T and D tumors were observed in the other 5 patients, suggesting the possibility of SPTs that were likely formed through independent multifocal oncogenesis. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate the limitations and insufficiency of clinicopathological criteria and that WES could be useful in understanding the clonal relationships of multiple SCCs.

SUBMITTER: Xue L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7482800 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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