Long non-coding RNA DLX6-AS1 facilitates bladder cancer progression through modulating miR-195-5p/VEGFA signaling pathway.
ABSTRACT: In this study, we aim at investigating the expression and regulation role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DLX6-AS1 in bladder cancer (BC). DLX6-AS1 was highly expressed in BC tissues and significant negative correlation with the 5-year survival in the BC patients. The results showed that the proliferation, migration and invasion activities of BC cells were promoted by DLX6-AS1 overexpression, while cell apoptosis was repressed. However, knockdown DLX6-AS1 presented an pposite regulatory effect, and DLX6-AS1 knockdown delayed tumor in vivo. The potential target of DLX6-AS1 in BC was predicted and verified by RIP, RNA pull-down, and dual-luciferase reporter assays as miR-195-5p. The results showed that miR-195-5p was down-regulated in BC tissues, the expression of which was significantly negative correlated with DLX6-AS1 expression. In addition, the results also showed that miR-195-5p targeted and down-regulated the VEGFA. Knockdown of DLX6-AS1 up-regulated miR-195-5p expression and down-regulated VEGFA expression. Moreover, down-regulation of VEGFA expression caused by DLX6-AS1 inhibited phosphorylation of Raf-1, MEK1/2, and ERK1/2, while miR-195-5p inhibitors abolished the effect of silencing DLX6-AS1 expression. Our study demonstrated that DLX6-AS1 played an oncogenic role in BC through miR-195-5p-mediated VEGFA/Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the expression of long-chain noncoding growth stasis specific protein 6 antisense RNA1 (lncRNA DLX6-AS1) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and cells, and its regulatory effect on malignant phenotypes of NPC cells. METHODS:The expressions of DLX6-AS1, miR-199a-5p, and HIF-1? mRNA in NPC issues and cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The proliferation, metastasis, and invasion of cells were monitored via MTT and transwell assay. The interactions between DLX6-AS1 and miR-199a-5p, miR-199a-5p and HIF-1? were verified by luciferase activity assay. Western blot was performed to determine the regulatory effect of DLX6-AS1 and miR-199a-5p on HIF-1? protein. RESULTS:The expression of lncRNA DLX6-AS1 was up-regulated in NPC tissues and cells. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC were enhanced by overexpressed DLX6-AS1 but inhibited by DLX6-AS1 knockdown. In addition, DLX6-AS1 can be used as a kind of ceRNA to regulate miR-199a-5p and, thereby modulating the expression of HIF-1?. CONCLUSION:We found that DLX6-AS1 was a cancer-promoting lncRNA to facilitate the progression of NPC, and its underlying mechanism was suppressing miR-199a-5p expression. This study can provide novel clues for the treatment of NPC.
Project description:MAFG-AS1 is an oncogenic lncRNA in multiple types of cancer. However, its role in bladder cancer (BC) remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the function of MAFG-AS1 in BC. BC and paired non-tumor tissues were collected. Two BC cell lines HT01197 and HT-1376 were used. Dual luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR, western blot, CCK-8, transwell invasion assay, and wound healing assay were performed. We found that MAFG-AS1 was significantly up-regulated in BC tissues and predicted a poor survival rate. MAFG-AS1 interacted with miR-125b-5p. However, the expression levels of MAFG?AS1 and miR-125b-5p were not obviously correlated in BC tissues, and MAFG?AS1 and miR-125b-5p did not regulate the expression of each other. Interestingly, we found that SphK1, a downstream target of miR-125b-5p, was negatively correlated with miR-125b-5p, while it was positively correlated with MAFG-AS1 across BC tissues. In addition, overexpression of MAFG?AS1 upregulated the expression of SphK1 in BC cells, and attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-125b-5p on the expression of SphK1. Functional assays showed that overexpression of MAFG?AS1 promoted BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while its effects were attenuated by overexpression of miR-125b-5p. Moreover, overexpression of miR-125b-5p inhibited BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while its effects were alleviated by overexpression of SphK1. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that MAFG-AS1 has an oncogenic role in BC by regulating the miR-125b-5p/SphK1 axis. MAFG-AS1 might serve as a good diagnostic marker and a potential therapeutic target of BC.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been indicated for the regulatory roles in cardiovascular diseases. This study determined the expression of lncRNA TNK2 antisense RNA 1 (TNK2-AS1) in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-stimulated human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and examined the mechanistic role of TNK2-AS1 in the proliferation and migration of HASMCs. Our results demonstrated that ox-LDL promoted HASMC proliferation and migration, and the enhanced proliferation and migration in ox-LDL-treated HASMCs were accompanied by the up-regulation of TNK2-AS1. In vitro functional studies showed that TNK2-AS1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and migration of ox-LDL-stimulated HASMCs, while TNK2-AS1 overexpression enhanced HASMC proliferation and migration. Additionally, TNK2-AS1 inversely regulated miR-150-5p expression via acting as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA), and the enhanced effects of TNK2-AS1 overexpression on HASMC proliferation and migration were attenuated by miR-150-5p overexpression. Moreover, miR-150-5p could target the 3' untranslated regions of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) to regulate FGF1 and VEGFA expression in HASMCs, and the inhibitory effects of miR-150-5p overexpression in ox-LDL-stimulated HASMCs were attenuated by enforced expression of VEGFA and FGF1. Enforced expression of VEGFA and FGF1 also partially restored the suppressed cell proliferation and migration induced by TNK2-AS1 knockdown in ox-LDL-stimulated HASMCs, while the enhanced effects of TNK2-AS1 overexpression on HASMC proliferation and migration were attenuated by the knockdown of VEGFA and FGF1. Collectively, our findings showed that TNK2-AS1 exerted its action in ox-LDL-stimulated HASMCs via regulating VEGFA and FGF1 expression by acting as a ceRNA for miR-150-5p.
Project description:The interaction of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and mRNAs has been implicated in various types of cancers, including esophageal cancer (EC). The current study aimed to investigate the role of AGAP2-AS1/miR-195-5p/Fos-like antigen-1 (FOSL1) in EC progression. The expression of AGAP2-AS1, miR-195-5p, and FOSL1 in tumor tissues isolated from EC patients and EC cell lines was determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), the results of which illustrated that AGAP2-AS1 and FOSL1 were increased while miR-195-5p was reduced in EC. Next, the ectopic expression, knockdown, and reporter assay experiments were all employed to elucidate the mechanism of AGAP2-AS1/miR-195-5p/FOSL1 in the processes of EC cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion, and migration as well as tumor growth. Knockdown of AGAP2-AS1 or overexpression of miR-195-5p reduced EC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, blocked cell cycle entry, and elevated apoptosis. FOSL1 was found to be specifically targeted by miR-195-5p. AGAP2-AS1 was observed to upregulate FOSL1 by binding to miR-195-5p. Silencing of AGAP2-AS1 was observed to restrain the development of EC both in vitro and in vivo through upregulating miR-195-5p and downregulating FOSL1. Taken together, AGAP2-AS1 knockdown exercises suppressive effects on the development of EC through miR-195-5p-dependent downregulation of FOSL1. Therefore, targeting AGAP2-AS1 could be a future direction to develop a novel molecule-targeted therapeutic strategy for EC.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs have been reported to be involved in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression. However, whether Opa-interacting protein 5 antisense RNA 1 (OIP5-AS1) serves a role in NSCLC remains unclear. Bioinformatics analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas datasets showed clinical significance and relevance of OIP5-AS1 in NSCLC. Western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR revealed protein and RNA expression levels of the genes [including OIP5-AS1, microRNA (miR)-140-5p, histone deacetylase 7 (HDAC7) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA)]. Direct associations between the genes (miR-140-5p and OIP5-AS1, or miR-140-5p and HDAC7) were confirmed using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Lymphatic vessel formation and invasion ability were detected using a lymphatic vessel formation assay and Transwell invasion assay. OIP5-AS1 knockdown attenuated lymphatic vessel length and invasion. The role of OIP5-AS1 was reverted by miR-140-5p. HDAC7 and VEGFA are downstream effectors of miR-140-5p-mediated NSCLC metastasis. OIP5-AS1, miR-140-5p, HDAC7 and VEGFA were all dysregulated in human clinical NSCLC tumor tissues. In conclusion, the present results demonstrated a novel mechanism for OIP5-AS1-induced metastatic phenotypes of NSCLC via the miR-140-5p/HDAC7/VEGFA axis.
Project description:Background:Neuroblastoma (NB) is a common malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, mainly disturbing children. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serving as promising cancer biomarkers have been well recognized. Our study intends to explore the functions of lncRNA X-inactive specific transcript (DLX6-AS1) in NB and provide a potential action mechanism. Methods:The expression of DLX6-AS1, miR-506-3p and signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation was assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and colony formation assay. Cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry assay. The protein level of cell cycle-related markers and STAT2 was detected by Western blot. Glycolysis progress was evaluated according to glucose consumption, lactate production and ATP level. The target genes were predicted by the online database Starbase3.0 and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results:DLX6-AS1 expression was highly elevated in NB tissues and cells. DLX6-AS1 deficiency inhibited NB cell proliferation, cell cycle and glycolysis in vitro. MiR-506-3p was a target of DLX6-AS1, and miR-506-3p absence partly reversed the effects of DLX6-AS1 deficiency. Besides, STAT2 was targeted by miR-506-3p, and its expression was regulated by DLX6-AS1 through miR-506-3p. MiR-506-3p restoration also inhibited NB cell malignant behaviors, and STAT2 overexpression partially abolished the role of miR-506-3p restoration. Moreover, DLX6-AS1 deficiency weakened tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion:DLX6-AS1 regulated cell proliferation, cell cycle and glycolysis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo to promote the development of NB by upregulating STAT2 via targeting miR-506-3p.
Project description:Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most prevalent carcinoma resulting in cancer-related deaths in the world, with differences among geographic areas. Although the incidence and mortality rates of GC in Asia are decreasing, the search for diverse and effective therapies of GC is still needed to be fully inquired. The present research explored the expression pattern, functional role and underlying mechanism of DLX6-AS1 in GC. Firstly, we measured DLX6-AS1 expression in GC and then found the elevated level of DLX6-AS1. To further inspect the function role of DLX6-AS1 involved in GC, we performed lost-of-function assays. The silencing of DLX6-AS1 suppressed cell proliferation, migration and EMT process of GC cells. Subsequently, we uncovered that MAP4K1 was also up-regulated in GC and could be positively regulated by DLX6-AS1. Moreover, MAP4K1 down-regulation similarly inhibited GC progression. In addition, DLX6-AS1 stabilized MAP4K1 via modulating FUS. In summary, DLX6-AS1 modulated GC progression through FUS-regulated MAP4K1. Our paper exposed the role and regulatory mechanism of DLX6-AS1 in GC, which suggested a novel and valid therapy for GC patients.
Project description:Background:Follistatin-like 3 (FSTL3) binds and inactivates activin, a growth factor with cell growth and differentiation. Previous studies reported that it is overexpressed in invasive breast cancers, and its expression and function in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unclear. Materials and Methods:Immunohistochemistry was employed to probe the expression of FSTL3 in NSCLC tissues. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was applied to detect the expression of lncRNA DSCAM-AS1 and miR-122-5p. A549 cells and H1299 cells were used as cell models. The biological influence of FSTL3 on cells was studied using CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay and transwell assay in vitro, respectively. In vivo subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model and tail vein injection model in mice were also constructed to validate the roles of FSTL3. Interactions between miR-122-5p and FSTL3, DSCAM-AS1 and miR-122-5p were determined by bioinformatics analysis, RT-PCR, and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results:FSTL3 and DSCAM-AS1 were remarkably up-regulated in NSCLC samples, and miR-122-5p was down-regulated. FSTL3 was associated with worse prognosis of NSCLC patients. FSTL3 knockdown markedly inhibited the viability, migration and invasion of NSCLCs in vitro and in vivo. DSCAM-AS1 could down-regulate miR-122-5p via sponging it, and FSTL3 was a target gene of miR-122-5p. Conclusion:Taken together, our study identified that FSTL3 was a new oncogene of NSCLC, which was regulated by DSCAM-AS1 and miR-122-5p. These findings suggested that FSTL3, DSCAM-AS1 and miR-122-5p might serve as a new valuable therapeutic target for NSCLC.
Project description:BackgroundRecent studies suggest many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are crucial oncogenes or tumor suppressors. This study intended to investigate the biological function and mechanism of lncRNA TTN antisense RNA 1 (TTN-AS1) in the progression of breast cancer (BC).Materials and MethodsBC tissue samples were collected. The expression of TTN-AS1 in BC tissues and adjacent tissues was detected by qRT-PCR, and the relationship between pathological indicators and TTN-AS1 expression was analyzed by chi-square test. BC cell lines T47D and BT549 were utilized as cell models. CCK-8 assay and BrdU assay were used to detect the effect of TTN-AS1 on BC cell proliferation. Transwell assay was used to detect the effects of TTN-AS1 on cell migration and invasion. In addition, dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to confirm the targeting relationship between miR-524-5p and TTN-AS1. Western blot was used to detect the function of TTN-AS1 on regulating ribonucleotide reductase subunit 2 (RRM2) and survivin. Additionally, subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model and tail vein injection model were constructed in vivo.ResultsThe expression of TTN-AS1 in BC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues, and its high expression was correlated with adverse pathological indicators. Overexpression of TTN-AS1 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of BC cells. TTN-AS1 knockdown suppressed the malignant phenotypes of BC cells. TTN-AS1 overexpression significantly impeded the expression of miR-524-5p, but increased the expression of RRM2.ConclusionTTN-AS1 exerts oncogenic function in BC by repressing miR-524-5p and increasing the expression of RRM2.
Project description:Ewing's sarcoma is one of leading cause of malignancy occurred in the children and adolescents worldwide. Given the emerging critical role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in the human cancer, as well as Ewing's sarcoma, we aim to identify the biological role of DLX6-AS1 in the tumorigenesis. Results unveil that DLX6-AS1 expression was increased in the tissue sample and cells. Functionally, the silencing of DLX6-AS1 could repress the proliferation and accelerate the apoptosis of Ewing's sarcoma cells. Mechanically, DLX6-AS1 functioned as the sponge of miR-124-3p, and then miR-124-3p targeted the 3'-UTR of CDK4 mRNA, forming the DLX6-AS1/miR-124-3p/CDK4 regulatory pathway. In conclusion, the critical role of DLX6-AS1 might unveil a potential therapeutic target for Ewing's sarcoma.