High platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with poor prognosis in patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma receiving gemcitabine plus cisplatin.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Several systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers, including platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR), have emerged as prognostic markers in various cancers. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of SIR markers on the survival outcomes of unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC) patients. METHODS:Patients with histologically confirmed, unresectable IHC treated with gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) chemotherapy in a single tertiary hospital from 2012 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined using unadjusted Kaplan-Meier and adjusted Cox-proportional-hazards analysis. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to compare the performance of the SIR markers in predicting OS. RESULTS:A total of 137 patients received a median of six cycles (interquartile range [IQR], 3-11) of GP chemotherapy with a median observation time of 9.9?months (range, 1.8-54.7?months). The median PFS and OS of all patients were 7.8?months and 9.9?months, respectively. Among the SIR markers, high PLR (>?148) and high NLR (>?5) were associated with a short PFS (Hazard ratio [HR] 1.828, P =?0.006; HR 1.738, P =?0.030, respectively) and short OS (HR 2.332, P
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The relationship between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and the dire prognosis of non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who received immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are not known yet.<h4>Methods</h4>We screened the articles that meet the criteria from the database. The relationship between NLR/PLR/LMR levels and the survival and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with ICIs was analyzed. Summarize hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) to study progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).<h4>Results</h4>Thirty-four studies involving 3124 patients were enrolled in the final analysis. In short, high pre-treatment NLR was related to poor OS (HR = 2.13, 95% CI:1.74-2.61, P < .001, I2 = 83.3%, P < .001) and PFS (HR = 1.77, 95% CI:1.44-2.17, P < .001, I2 = 79.5%, P < .001). Simultaneously, high pre-treatment PLR was related to poor OS (HR = 1.49, 95% CI:1.17-1.91, P < .001, I2 = 57.6%, P = .003) and PFS (HR = 1.62, 95% CI:1.38-1.89, P < .001, I2 = 47.1%, P = .036). In all subgroup analysis, most subgroups showed that low LMR was related to poor OS (HR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.34-0.59, P < .001) and PFS (HR = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.47-0.77, P < 0.001, I2 = 0.0%, P < .001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>High pre-treatment NLR and pre-treatment PLR in non-small cell lung carcinoma patients treated with ICIs are associated with low survival rates. Low pre-treatment and post-treatment LMR are also related to unsatisfactory survival outcomes. However, the significance of post-treatment NLR and post-treatment PLR deserve further prospective research to prove.
Project description:Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic significances of markers of preoperative systemic inflammatory response (SIR) in patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). Methods: A total of 109 patients diagnosed with OCCC that underwent primary cytoreductive surgery and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy from 2009 to 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study. SIR markers were calculated from complete blood cell counts determined before surgery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine optimal cut-off values for neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Prognostic significances with respect to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were determined by Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: The optimized NLR, LMR and PLR cut-off values as determined by ROC curve analysis for PFS and OS were 2.3, 4.2, and 123.6, respectively. When the cohort was divided using these optimized cut-offs, NLR and LMR were found to be significantly associated with clinicopathologic factors, NLR with FIGO stage, the presence of malignant ascites, and platinum response, and LMR with FIGO stage, lymph node metastasis, malignant ascites, and platinum response. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a high NLR (> 2.3) was significantly associated with low 5-year PFS and OS rates and that a high LMR was significantly associated with high 5-year PFS and OS rates. Multivariate analysis identified FIGO stage, residual mass, and platinum response as independent prognostic factors of PFS, and FIGO stage, residual mass, platinum response, and LMR as independent prognostic factors of OS. Conclusions: Markers of systemic inflammatory response provide useful prognostic information and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio is the most reliable independent prognostic factor of overall survival in patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma.
Project description:<h4>Purpose</h4>The prognosis of young colorectal cancer (CRC) patients has not fully been addressed. The prognostic significance of systemic inflammatory markers was examined in those patients.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 965 patients with resectable CRC were divided into young (? 50 years, n = 101) and old groups (> 51 years, n = 864). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) > 5, derived NLR (dNLR) > 3, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) < 2, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) > 150, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) < 45 were analyzed for prognosis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared using the log-rank test. A multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards regression model.<h4>Results</h4>In the young group, NLR > 5, LMR < 2, and PNI < 45 were significantly associated with OS with univariate analyses. dNLR > 3 and those markers showed significance for PFS. LMR < 2 was a significant marker for poor PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 5.81; P = 0.020) in the multivariate analysis. In the old group, all inflammatory markers were significantly associated with OS and PFS with univariate analyses. LMR < 2 (HR, 2.66; P = 0.016) and PNI < 45 (HR, 2.14; P = 0.016) were independently associated with OS in multivariate analyses. PLR > 150 (HR, 1.45; P = 0.036) and PNI < 45 (HR, 1.73; P = 0.002) were significant markers for PFS.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Systemic inflammation might be one of biologic factors that influence on prognosis of young CRC.
Project description:This study aims at evaluating the prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation indexes (SII) in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated with cetuximab. Ninety-five patients receiving cetuximab for mCRC were categorized into the high or low NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII groups based on their median index values. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed to identify the indexes' correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In the univariate analysis, ECOG performance status, neutrphil counts, lymphocyte counts, monocyte counts, NLR, PLR, and LDH were associated with survival. Multivariate analysis showed that ECOG performance status of 0 (hazard ratio [HR] 3.608, p?<?0.001; HR 5.030, p?<?0.001, respectively), high absolute neutrophil counts (HR 2.837, p?<?0.001; HR 1.922, p?=?0.026, respectively), low lymphocyte counts (HR 0.352, p?<?0.001; HR 0.440, p?=?0.001, respectively), elevated NLR (HR 3.837, p?<?0.001; HR 2.467, p?=?0.006) were independent predictors of shorter PFS and OS. In conclusion, pre-treatment inflammatory indexes, especially NLR were potential biomarkers to predict the survival of mCRC patients with cetuximab therapy.
Project description:The prognostic role of systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers is unclear in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic role of various SIR markers in the oncological outcomes in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients at a single institution in Korea. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived-NLR (dNLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were examined as SIR markers. We retrospectively collected data of 1,698 NMIBC patients who underwent transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) between 1990 and 2013. After excluding 147 patients, the study population finally consisted of 1,551 individuals. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed by using Kaplan-Meier estimates. Multivariate Cox regression model was adopted to identify the predictors of oncological outcomes. Notably, elevated NLR (?2.0), dNLR (?1.5) and PLR (?124) were associated with poor OS outcomes. Patients with increased NLR, but not dNLR and PLR, only had poor CSS estimates compared to those with lower NLR. However, no significant differences were found in RFS and PFS according to the SIR status. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, elevated NLR was identified as a key predictor of OS [hazard ratio (HR)=1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.19-1.95], in addition to age (HR=1.07, 95% CI=1.05-1.08), hemoglobin (HR=0.83, 95% CI=0.78-0.88), and high grade tumor (HR=1.88, 95% CI=1.45-1.08). With respect to CSS, increased NLR was also identified as an independent predictor (HR=1.12, 95% CI=1.01-1.25). In summary, our results indicate that NLR can be a very reliable SIR marker for predicting the oncological outcomes, particularly mortality outcomes.
Project description:Objectives: Previous studies have reported the prognostic value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII). However, the prognostic performance of these indices in patients with testicular lymphoma has not yet been studied. This study was to systematically evaluate the role of NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII in predicting survival for patients with testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: In this study, 28 patients with testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were enrolled. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses to assess associations of indices incorporating blood cell counts with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: The results of univariate analysis revealed that International Prognostic Index (IPI) score (p = 0.010, p = 0.034, respectively), NLR (p = 0.003, p = 0.025, respectively), and LMR (p = 0.004, p = 0.010, respectively) were significantly associated with PFS and OS. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) (p = 0.017), absolute neutrophil counts (p = 0.018), absolute monocyte counts (p = 0.001), and SII (p = 0.005) were significantly associated with the risk of disease progression, while ECOG performance status (p = 0.016) was shown to be related to the risk of death. In the multivariate analysis, NLR (HR 9.069, p = 0.001) and absolute monocyte counts (HR 37.076, p = 0.001) were shown to be independently associated with risk for disease progression, while LMR (HR 0.077, p = 0.028), and ECOG performance status (HR 20.013, p = 0.026) were proved to be independent predictors of OS. Conclusions: In conclusion, high absolute monocyte counts, high NLR and low LMR may indicate unfavorable prognosis in testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients. Since indices incorporating blood cell counts are low cost parameters, they may provide additional prognostic value beyond standard clinicopathological parameters. However, further studies are needed to confirm our findings.
Project description:Cancer remains a leading causes of death worldwide and an elevated systemic inflammatory response (SIR) is associated with reduced survival in patients with operable cancer. This review aims to examine the evidence for the role of systemic inflammation based prognostic scores in patients with operable cancers. A wide-ranging literature review using targeted medical subject headings for human studies in English was carried out in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CDSR databases until the end of 2016. The SIR has independent prognostic value, across tumour types and geographical locations. In particular neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (n?=?158), platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) (n?=?68), lymphocyte monocyte ratio (LMR) (n?=?21) and Glasgow Prognostic Score/ modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS/mGPS) (n?=?60) were consistently validated. On meta-analysis there was a significant relationship between elevated NLR and overall survival (OS) (p?<?0.00001)/ cancer specific survival (CSS) (p?<?0.00001), between elevated LMR and OS (p?<?0.00001)/CSS (p?<?0.00001), and elevated PLR and OS (p?<?0.00001)/CSS (p?=?0.005). There was also a significant relationship between elevated GPS/mGPS and OS (p?<?0.00001)/CSS (p?<?0.00001). These results consolidate the prognostic value of the NLR, PLR, LMR and GPS/mGPS in patients with resectable cancers. This is particularly true for the NLR/GPS/mGPS which should form part of the routine preoperative and postoperative workup.
Project description:Inflammation-based indexes such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation indexes (SII) have been reported to be associated with prognosis in cancer patients.The aim of this study was to estimate the prognostic significance of inflammation-based indexes such as NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII in stage III/IV colorectal cancer (CRC) patients undertaking adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT).Two hundred twenty stage III/IV CRC patients were enrolled in this study. Inflammatory indexes were defined as follows: NLR = absolute neutrophil counts/absolute lymphocyte counts; PLR = absolute platelet counts/absolute lymphocyte counts; LMR = absolute lymphocyte counts/absolute monocyte counts; SII = absolute neutrophil counts × absolute platelet counts/absolute lymphocyte counts. The correlations between indexes and prognosis were evaluated using the Cox proportional hazard model.The results of univariate analysis demonstrated that NLR, PLR, and SII were significantly associated with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis showed that SII (P = .030) was an independent predictor of PFS, and NLR (P = .047) was an independent prognostic factor of OS.Those inflammation-based indexes could provide a convenient and secure method to predict the outcomes of stage III/IV CRC patients receiving adjuvant CRT.
Project description:Inflammation and immunoreaction markers were correlated with the survival of patients in many tumors. However, there were no reports investigating the relationships between preoperative hematological markers and the prognosis of medulloblastoma (MB) patients based on the molecular subgroups (WNT, SHH, Group 3, and Group 4). A total 144 MB patients were enrolled in the study. The differences of preoperative hematological markers among molecular subgroups of MB were compared by One-way ANOVA method. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the curves of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The comparison of survival rates in different groups were conducted by the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate independent prognostic factors. Increased preoperative NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P?=?0.004, OS, P?<?0.001) and PLR (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P?=?0.028, OS, P?=?0.003) predicted poor prognosis in patients with MB, while preoperative MLR (monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio), MPV (mean platelet volume), PDW (platelet distribution width), and AGR (albumin-to-globulin ratio) were revealed no predictive value on the prognosis of patients with MB. Furthermore, high preoperative NLR and PLR predicted unfavorable prognosis in childhood MB patients. However, preoperative NLR and PLR were not associated with the prognosis in adult MB patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated preoperative NLR (PFS, P?=?0.029, OS, P?=?0.005) and PLR (PFS, P?=?0.023, OS, P?=?0.005) were the independent prognostic factors in MB patients. Emphatically, the levels of preoperative NLR and PLR in Group 3 MB were significantly higher than those in WNT MB. High preoperative NLR was associated with unfavorable OS in Group 3 (P?=?0.032) and Group 4 (P?=?0.027) tumors. Similarly, increased preoperative PLR predicted poor PFS (P?=?0.012) and OS (P?=?0.009) in Group 4 tumors. Preoperative NLR and PLR were the potential prognostic markers for MB patients. Preoperative NLR and PLR were significantly associated with the survival of Group 3 and Group 4 tumors.
Project description:The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been presented to be a prognostic indicator in several types of cancer. However, these issues have not been concluded yet. The present study was therefore performed to determine the prognostic value of NLR and PLR in gastric cancer (GC).A total of 182 GC patients, diagnosed between January 2011 and January 2014, were enrolled in the study. The clinicopathological parameters, laboratory analyses, and outcomes were collected. The association between NLR, PLR, and clinicopathological characters was analyzed with univariate and multivariate analyses.NLR was significantly related to age (P?=?.026), surgery (P?=?.006), node status (P?=?.004), and clinical stage (P?=?.009). The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were poor in the High-NLR group (OS: 36.0 vs 20.5 months, P?<?.001, PFS: 33.0 vs 12.0 months, P?<?.001) and High-PLR group (OS: 31.5 vs 18.5 months, P?=?.003, PFS: 26.0 vs 11.0 months, P?=?.01). Multivariate analyses indicated both surgery [for OS hazard ratio (HR)?=?2.092, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.345-3.253, P?=?.001; for PFS HR?=?1.939, 95% CI: 1.259-2.988, P?=?.003] and NLR (for OS HR?=?1.585, 95% CI: 1.011-2.485, P?=?.045) were independent prognostic factors.Elevated NLR and PLR were related with poor prognosis in GC patients before treatment. The NLR was an independent prognostic factor for OS. More studies should be conducted to address the potential prognostic value of NLR and PLR in GC.