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Identification of Metastasis-Associated Biomarkers in Synovial Sarcoma Using Bioinformatics Analysis


ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a highly aggressive soft tissue tumor with high risk of local recurrence and metastasis. However, the mechanisms underlying SS metastasis are still largely unclear. The purpose of this study is to screen metastasis-associated biomarkers in SS by integrated bioinformatics analysis. Two mRNA datasets (GSE40018 and GSE40021) were selected to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed for DEGs. Then, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed via the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) database. The module analysis of the PPI network and hub genes validation were performed using Cytoscape software. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of the hub genes were performed using WEB-based GEne SeT AnaLysis Toolkit (WebGestalt). The expression levels and survival analysis of hub genes were further assessed through Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) and the Kaplan-Meier plotter database. In total, 213 overlapping DEGs were identified, of which 109 were upregulated and 104 were downregulated. GO analysis revealed that the DEGs were predominantly involved in mitosis and cell division. KEGG pathways analysis demonstrated that most DEGs were significantly enriched in cell cycle pathway. GSEA revealed that the DEGs were mainly enriched in oocyte meiosis, cell cycle and DNA replication pathways. A key module was identified and 10 hub genes (CENPF, KIF11, KIF23, TTK, MKI67, TOP2A, CDC45, MELK, AURKB, and BUB1) were screened out. The expression and survival analysis disclosed that the 10 hub genes were upregulated in SS patients and could result in significantly reduced survival. Our study identified a series of metastasis-associated biomarkers involved in the progression of SS, and may provide novel therapeutic targets for SS metastasis.

SUBMITTER: Song Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7518102 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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