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Assessment of Cu, Pb and Zn content in selected species of grasses and in the soil of the roadside embankment


ABSTRACT: Abstract It was assumed in the study that heavy metals occurring in soils and the air accumulate in grasses constituting the main species used in the turfing of soil in road verges and embankments along traffic routes and in other parts of urbanized areas. The aim of the present study was to assess the bioaccumulation of Cu, Pb, and Zn in three selected lawn cultivars of five grass species and in the soil of the roadside green belt in terms of soil properties and heavy metal uptake by plants in the aspect of determining their usefulness in protecting the soils from contamination caused by motor vehicle traffic. Samples of the plant material and soil were collected for chemical analysis in the autumn of 2018 (October) on the embankment along National Road No. 17 between Piaski and ?opiennik (Poland), where 15 lawn cultivars of five grass species had been sown 2 years earlier. During the study, Cu, Pb, and Zn levels were determined in the aboveground biomass of the grasses under study and in the soil beneath these grasses (the 0–20 cm layer). All the grass species under study can thus be regarded as accumulators of Cu and Zn because the levels of these elements in the aboveground biomass of the grasses were higher than in the soil beneath these grasses. The present study demonstrates that the grasses can accumulate a large amount of Cu and Zn from soils and transfer it to the aboveground biomass. Tested species of grasses are not a higher bioaccumulators for Pb. The best grass species for the sowing of roadsides embankment, with the highest BCF values for the studied metals, is Lolium perenne (Taya variety). The objective of the present study was to identify the relationship between concentrations of heavy metals in roadside soil and the absorption of these metals by grasses. Cu and Zn accumulated the most in Lolium perenne while Pb in Festuca arundinacea. The analysis of the aboveground biomass of the grasses under study showed a negative correlation between Zn and Pb content in the soil and Cu and Zn content in Festuca ovina, and between Pb content in the soil and Pb content in Poa pratensis. All the grass species under study can thus be regarded as hyperaccumulators of Cu and Zn because the levels of these elements in the aboveground biomass of the grasses were higher than in the soil beneath these grasses.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7520191 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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