Long non-coding RNA FAM133B-2 represses the radio-resistance of nasopharyngeal cancer cells by targeting miR-34a-5p/CDK6 axis.
ABSTRACT: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were found to play roles in various cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In this study, we focused on the biological function of the lncRNA FAM133B-2 in the radio-resistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The RNA-seq and qRT-PCR analysis showed that FAM133B-2 is highly expressed in the radio-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. The following biochemical assays showed that FAM133B-2 represses the nasopharyngeal carcinoma radio-resistance and also affects the apoptosis and proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Further investigations suggested that miR-34a-5p targets FAM133B-2 and also regulates the cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). All these results suggested that the lncRNA FAM133B-2 might function as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-34a-5p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma radio-resistance, thus it may be regarded as a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosis and treatment.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key players of gene expression involved in diverse biological processes including the cancer radio-resistance, which hinders the effective cancer therapy. Here we found that the miR-20a-5p level is significantly up-regulated in radio-resistant nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) cells via an RNA-seq and miR-omic analysis. Moreover, we identified that the neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (NPAS2) gene is one of the targets of miR-20a-5p. The involvement of miR-20a-5p and NPAS2 with NPC radio-resistance was further validated by either down- or up-regulation of their levels in NPC cell lines. Taken together, these results not only reveal novel insights into the NPC radio-resistance, but also provide hints for an effective therapeutic strategy to fight against NPC radio-resistance.
Project description:Expression profiling of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients comparing radio-sensitive samples with radio-resistant samples. Two condition-experiments, radio-sensitive and radio-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Biological replicates: 8 radio-sensitive, 12 radio-resistant, different donors in the same hospital. One patient per array.
Project description:Expression profiling of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients comparing radio-sensitive samples with radio-resistant samples. Overall design: Two condition-experiments, radio-sensitive and radio-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Biological replicates: 8 radio-sensitive, 12 radio-resistant, different donors in the same hospital. One patient per array.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth leading cancer worldwide. They are typically characterized by a high incidence of local recurrence, which is the most common cause of death in HNSCC patients. TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in HNSCC and patients carrying TP53 mutations are associated with a higher probability to develop local recurrence. MiRNAs, which are among the mediators of the oncogenic activity of mt-p53 protein, emerge as an appealing tool for screening, diagnosis and prognosis of cancer. We previously identified a signature of 12 miRNAs whose aberrant expression associated with TP53 mutations and was prognostic for HNSCC. Among them miR-96-5p emerges as an oncogenic miRNAs with prognostic significance in HNSCC. METHODS:To evaluate the oncogenic role of miR-96-5p in a tumoral context, we performed colony formation, cell migration and cell viability assays in two HNSCC cell lines transfected for miR-96-5p mimic or inhibitor and treated with or without radio/chemo-therapy. In addition, to identify genes positively and negatively correlated to miR-96-5p expression in HNSCC, we analyzed the correlation between gene expression and miR-96-5p level in the subset of TCGA HNSCC tumors carrying missense TP53 mutations by Spearman and Pearson correlation. To finally identify targets of miR-96-5p, we used in silico analysis and the luciferase reporter assay to confirm PTEN as direct target. RESULTS:Our data showed that overexpression of miR-96-5p led to increased cell migration and radio-resistance, chemotherapy resistance in HNSCC cells. In agreement with these results, among the most statistically significant pathways in which miR-96-5p is involved, are focal Adhesion, extracellular matrix organization and PI3K-Akt-mTOR-signaling pathway. As a direct target of miR-96-5p, we identified PTEN, the main negative regulator of PI3K-Akt signalling pathway activation. CONCLUSIONS:These results highlight a new mechanism of chemo/radio-resistance insurgence in HNSCC cells and support the possibility that miR-96-5p expression could be used as a novel promising biomarker to predict radiotherapy response and local recurrence development in HNSCC patients. In addition, the identification of pathways in which miR-96-5p is involved could contribute to develop new therapeutic strategies to overcome radio-resistance.
Project description:The current investigation explored the synthetic contribution of lncRNA H19, miR-130a-3p, and miR-17-5p to radio-resistance and chemo-sensitivity of cardiac cancer cells. Totally 284 human cardiac cancer tissues were gathered, and they have been pathologically diagnosed. The cardiac cancer cells were isolated with utilization of the mechanic method. Moreover, cisplatin, adriamycin, mitomycin, and 5-fluorouracil were designated as the chemotherapies, and single-dose X-rays were managed as the radiotherapy for cardiac cancer cells. We also performed luciferase reporter gene assay to verify the targeted relationship between H19 and miR-130a-3p, as well as between H19 and miR-17-5p. Finally, mice models were established to examine the functions of H19, miR-130a-3p, and miR-17-5p on the development of cardiac cancer. The study results indicated that H19, miR-130a-3p, and miR-17-5p expressions within cardiac cancer tissues were significantly beyond those within adjacent nontumor tissues (P < 0.05), and H19 expression was positively correlated with both miR-130a-3p (rs = 0.43) and miR-17-5p (rs = 0.49) expressions. The half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of cisplatin, adriamycin, mitomycin, and 5-fluorouracil for cardiac cancer cells were, respectively, determined as 2.01 ?g/mL, 8.35 ?g/mL, 24.44 ?g/mL, and 166.42 ?g/mL. The overexpressed H19, miR-130a-3p, and miR-17-5p appeared to improve the survival rate and viability of cardiac cancer cells that were exposed to chemotherapies and X-rays (all P < 0.05). It was also drawn from luciferase reporter gene assay that H19 could directly target miR-130a-3p and miR-17-5p, thereby modifying the sensitivity of cardiac cancer cells to drugs and X-rays (P < 0.05). Finally, the mice models also produced larger tumor size and higher tumor weight, when H19, miR-130a-3p, or miR-17-5p expressions were up-regulated within them (P < 0.05). In conclusion, H19 could act on miR-130a-3p or miR-17-5p to alter the radio- and chemo-sensitivities of cardiac cancer cells, helping to improve the radio-/chemotherapies for cardiac cancer.
Project description:Non?small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading subtype of lung cancer, with high mortality rates. Recently, long non?coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with NSCLC. The present study aimed to examine the role of the TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73?AS1) lncRNA in NSCLC. TP73?AS1 and microRNA(miR)?34a?5p expression levels were measured using reverse transcription?quantitative PCR (RT?qPCR) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion was determined using Cell Counting Kit?8 (CCK?8), flow cytometry, Transwell and Matrigel assays, respectively. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of cisplatin (cis?diamminedichloroplatinum; DDP) was assessed using a CCK?8 assay. The interaction between miR?34a?5p and TP73?AS1 or tripartite motif?containing 29 (TRIM29) was predicted using microRNA.org and Starbase, then verified using a dual?luciferase reporter assay. The expression of TRIM29 was quantified at the mRNA and protein level using RT?qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. TP73?AS1 was significantly upregulated, while miR?34a?5p was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells. Functionally, TP73?AS1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and DDP resistance, whilst inducing apoptosis in NSCLC cells. miR?34a?5p was identified as a target for TP73?AS1, and its inhibition reversed the effects of TP73?AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells. In addition, TRIM29 was targeted by miR?34a?5p, and its overexpression reversed the effects of miR?34a?5p. Moreover, TP73?AS1 acted as a molecular sponge for miR?34a?5p, increasing the expression of TRIM29. In conclusion, TP73?AS1 contributed to proliferation, migration and DDP resistance but inhibited apoptosis of NSCLC cells by upregulating TRIM29 and sponging miR?34a?5p.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths globally, is characterized by rapid growth and high invasiveness. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in the growth and metastasis of HCC. Recently, lncRNA LINC01123 has been found to contribute to cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis in lung cancer. However, the function of LINC01123 in HCC, as well as the underlying mechanism of its action, remain unclear. Here, we found that the expression of LINC01123 was clearly upregulated in HCC tissues compared to nontumor tissues. Furthermore, expression of LINC01123 in HCC cells was significantly higher than in LO2 cells. Importantly, the upregulated level of LINC01123 was related to unfavorable clinical features and poor prognosis of HCC. Next, we demonstrated that LINC01123 knockdown suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro. Depletion of LINC01123 inhibited HCC xenograft growth in vivo. Conversely, ectopic expression of LINC01123 facilitated HCC cell proliferation and invasion. Mechanistically, LINC01123 acted as a molecular sponge for miR-34a-5p in HCC cells. Tuftelin1 (TUFT1) was identified as the target gene of miR-34a-5p. LINC01123 positively regulated TUFT1 level by targeting of miR-34a-5p in HCC cells. Notably, TUFT1 restoration can abolish miR-34a-5p-induced inhibitory effects on HCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In conclusion, LINC01123 was overexpressed in HCC and accelerated cancer cell proliferation and invasion by regulating the miR-34a-5p/TUFT1 axis.
Project description:microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the various processes of DNA damage repair and play crucial roles in regulating response of tumors to radiation therapy. Here, we used nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) radio-resistant cell lines as models and found that the expression of miR-504 was significantly up-regulated. In contrast, the expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and other mitochondrial metabolism factors, including mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complex III were down-regulated in these cell lines. At the same time, the Seahorse cell mitochondrial stress test results indicated that the mitochondrial respiratory capacity was impaired in NPC radio-resistant cell lines and in a miR-504 over-expressing cell line. We also conducted dual luciferase reporter assays and verified that miR-504 could directly target NRF1. Additionally, miR-504 could down-regulate the expression of TFAM and OXPHOS complexes I, III, and IV and impaired the mitochondrial respiratory function of NPC cells. Furthermore, serum from NPC patients showed that miR-504 was up-regulated during different weeks of radiotherapy and correlated with tumor, lymph nodes and metastasis (TNM) stages and total tumor volume. The radio-therapeutic effect at three months after radiotherapy was evaluated. Results indicated that patients with high expression of miR-504 exhibited a relatively lower therapeutic effect ratio of complete response (CR), but a higher ratio of partial response (PR), compared to patients with low expression of miR-504. Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-504 affected the radio-resistance of NPC by down-regulating the expression of NRF1 and disturbing mitochondrial respiratory function. Thus, miR-504 might become a promising biomarker of NPC radio-resistance and targeting miR-504 might improve tumor radiation response.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), with distinct geographical distribution, has gathered public attention. Despite that radiotherapy and chemotherapy are applied to treat NPC, cell metastasis still cannot be avoided. Numerous works have elucidated that lncRNAs are essential players in the development of multiple cancers. LncRNA SNHG7 has been reported as a contributing factor in the occurrence of certain cancers, but its mechanism in NPC deserves further investigation. The purpose of the study is to figure out the role and molecular regulation mechanism of SNHG7 in NPC. METHODS:The role of SNHG7 in NPC was verified by CCK-8, colony formation, EdU staining, western blot and capase-3 assays. The interactions between SNHG7/ELAVL1 and miR-514a-5p were confirmed by RNA pull down, RT-qPCR, RIP and luciferase reporter assays. RESULTS:SNHG7 was upregulated in NPC cells, and absence of SNHG7 suppressed cell proliferation as well as promoted cell apoptosis in NPC. Furthermore, SNHG7 was confirmed to bind with miR-514a-5p and negatively modulate miR-514a-5p expression. Besides, miR-514a-5p was found to be able to bind with ELAVL1 and negatively regulate ELAVL1 mRNA and protein expressions. In the end, rescue assays demonstrated that the miR-514a-5p deficiency restored the NPC progression inhibited by SNHG7 silence, and ELAVL1 partly counteracted the restoration caused by miR-514a-5p inhibitor in HNE1 cells. CONCLUSIONS:LncRNA SNHG7 promotes the proliferation and migration of nasopharyngeal carcinoma by miR-514a-5p/ ELAVL1 axis.
Project description:This study aimed to identify potential therapeutic targets in osteosarcoma (OS) through the network analysis of competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs). The differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMIs) and mRNAs (DEMs) were identified between OS cell lines and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from the data deposited under GSE70415 using limma package. Functional analysis of DEMs was performed using DAVID and clusterProfiler to identify significantly enriched Gene Ontology biological processes and KEGG pathways, respectively. The DEMI-DEM interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape. LncRNA-miRNA interactions were predicted using starBase database. The ceRNA regulatory network was constructed by integrating mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs, and functional enrichment analysis was performed for the genes involved. The analysis revealed a total of 326 DEMs and 54 DEMIs between OS cells and hMSCs. We identified several novel therapeutic targets involved in the progression and metastasis of OS, such as CBX7, RAD9A, SNHG7 and miR-34a-5p. The miRNA, miR-543 (target gene: CBX7) was found to be associated with the pathway Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis. Using the ceRNA network, we established the following regulatory interactions: NEAT1/miR-543/CBX7, SNHG7/miR-34a-5p/RAD9A, and XIST/miR-34a-5p/RAD9A. CBX7, RAD9A, lncRNA SNHG7, miR-543, and miR-34a-5p may be explored as novel therapeutic targets for treatment of OS.