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Landmark-guided versus modified ultrasound-assisted Paramedian techniques in combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for elderly patients with hip fractures: a randomized controlled trial.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Combined spinal-epidural (CSE) anesthesia is considerably challenging for elderly patients with hip fractures due to spine degeneration and limitations in positioning. This study aimed to investigate the ability of a modified preprocedural ultrasound-guided technique to improve the success rate and efficacy of CSE anesthesia for elderly patients with hip fractures. METHODS:This prospective, single-blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial included 80 patients (aged ?65?years) who were scheduled for elective hip fracture surgery with CSE anesthesia. Patients were randomly allocated into landmark?group (n?=?40) or the ultrasound group (n?=?40). The primary outcome was first-pass success rate. Secondary outcomes included first-attempt success rate; number of needle insertion attempts; number of needle passes; locating, puncture, and total time; level of block; procedural adverse reactions and postoperative complications; and patient satisfaction score. Patients were blinded to group allocation. RESULTS:Eighty patients completed the study and were included in the final analysis. The first-pass success rates for the landmark and ultrasound groups were 20 and 70%, respectively (P?

SUBMITTER: Qu B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7523368 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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