Lost in translation: the quest for Nitrosomonas cluster 7-specific amoA primers and TaqMan probes.
ABSTRACT: The choice of primer and TaqMan probes to quantify ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in environmental samples is of crucial importance. The re-evaluation of primer pairs based on current genomic sequences used for quantification of the amoA gene revealed (1) significant misrepresentations of the AOB population in environmental samples, (2) and a lack of perfect match primer pairs for Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosomonas eutropha. We designed two new amoA cluster 7-specific primer pairs and TaqMan probes to quantify N. europaea (nerF/nerR/nerTaq) and N. eutropha (netF/netR/netTaq). Specificity and quantification biases of the newly designed primer sets were compared with the most popular primer pair (amoA1f/amoA2r) using DNA from various AOB cultures as individual templates as well as DNA mixtures and environmental samples. Based on the qPCR results, we found that the newly designed primer pairs and the most popular one performed similarly for individual templates but differed for the DNA mixtures and environmental samples. Using the popular primer pair introduced a high underestimation of AOB in environmental samples, especially for N. eutropha. Thus, there is a strong need for more specific primers and probes to understand the occurrence and competition between N. europaea and N. eutropha in different environments.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7533338 | BioStudies |