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Novel Technique for C1-2 Interlaminar Arthrodesis Utilizing a Modified Sonntag Loop-Suture Graft With Posterior C1-2 Fixation.


ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:Conventional techniques for atlantoaxial fixation and fusion typically pass cables or wires underneath C1 lamina to secure the bone graft between the posterior elements of C1-2, which leads to complications such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak and neurological injury. With the evolution of fixation hardware, we propose a novel C1-2 fixation technique that avoids the morbidity and complications associated with sublaminar cables and wires. METHODS:This technique entails wedging and anchoring a structural iliac crest graft between C1 and C2 for interlaminar arthrodesis and securing it using a 0-Prolene suture at the time of C1 lateral mass and C2 pars interarticularis screw fixation. RESULTS:We identified 32 patients who underwent surgery for atlantoaxial with our technique. A 60% improvement in pain-related disability from preoperative baseline was demonstrated by Neck Disability Index (p < 0.001). There were no neurologic deficits. Complications included 2 patients CSF leaks related to presenting trauma, 1 patient with surgical site infection, and 1 patient with transient dysphagia. The rate of radiographic atlantoaxial fusion was 96.8% at 6 months, with no evidence of instrumentation failure, graft dislodgement, or graft related complications. CONCLUSION:We demonstrate a novel technique for C1-2 arthrodesis that is a safe and effective option for atlantoaxial fusion.

SUBMITTER: Koffie RM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7538353 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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